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Uniform Code of Military Justice
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Naval Orientation - Military manual for administrative purposes
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Imposition of Restraint
Justice,  but  to  give  you  an  overview  of  each  of the  articles  prescribed  by  article  137.  Those articles which are self-explanatory are shown in block  quotation  as  stated  in  the  UCMJ  n o further  explanation  is  given.  Some  of  the  more lengthy articles have been edited to present only portions  of  these  articles.  Articles  that  are  lengthy and,   in   some   cases,   difficult   to   interpret   are paraphrased to give you a brief overview of what the article contains. The  UCMJ  uses  the  terms  “man”  or  “he”  to refer  to  all  persons  in  the  military  service. Art. 2. Persons Subject to This Code The  following  persons  are  subject  to this  code: (1)  Members  of  a  regular  compo- nent of the armed forces, including those   awaiting   discharge   after expiration of their terms of enlist- ment;  volunteers  from  the  time  of their muster or acceptance into the armed  forces;  inductees  from  the time of their actual induction into the  armed  forces;  and  other  persons lawfully  called  or  ordered  into,  or to  duty  in  or  for  training  in,  the armed forces, from the dates when they  are  required  by  the  terms  of the  call  or  order  to  obey  it. This article includes all persons on active duty, certain retired persons, prisoners, and prisoners of  war. You   should   specifically   note   the   following provisions  of  article  2: Any person serving a sentence imposed by a  court-martial  remains  subject  to  the  UCMJ. Thus,  a  prisoner  who  is  serving  a  court-martial sentence may be tried for a crime committed while a prisoner. This applies even though the prisoner’s term  of  enlistment  has  expired  at  the  time  of commission  of  the  crime. A  reservist  on  inactive-duty  training  is subject  to  the  UCMJ  when  (a)  the  training  is authorized  by  written  orders;  (b)  the  orders  are voluntarily accepted by the reservist; and (c) the orders specify that the reservist is subject to the UCMJ. A  reservist  ordered  into  the  active  military service is subject to the  UCMJ beginning on the date  specified  in  the  orders  for  the  reservist  to report  for  active  duty. The United States Supreme Court has held unconstitutional   the   exercise   of   court-martial jurisdiction  over  civilians  in  time  of  peace. Art. 3. Jurisdiction To Try Certain Personnel Article 3 states that a person maybe tried by court-martial, even after leaving the service, for offenses  committed  while  under  the  UCMJ. Art. 7. Apprehension (a)   Apprehension person  into  custody. (b)   Any   person is  the  taking  of  a authorized   under regulations governing the armed forces to apprehend persons subject to this code or to  trial  thereunder  may  do  so  upon reasonable   belief   that   an   offense   has been   committed   and   that   the   person apprehended  committed  it. (c)   Commissioned   officers,   warrant officers,   petty   officers,   and   noncommis- sioned   officers   have   authority   to   quell quarrels,   frays,   and   disorders   among persons   subject   to   this   code   and   to apprehend  persons  subject  to  this  code  who take part therein. In  addition  to  those  listed  in  7(c),  security police,  military  police,  shore  patrol,  and  others designated to perform guard or police duties may apprehend  persons  subject  to  the  UCMJ. Enlisted   persons   performing   police   duties should  not  apprehend  an  officer  except  on  specific orders  of  a  commissioned  officer.  The  exception is  when  such  apprehension  is  necessary  to  prevent disgrace to the service, the commission of a serious offense, or the escape of one who has committed a  serious  offense.  In  such  cases,  the  apprehending individual   immediately   notifies   the   officer   to whom he or she is responsible or an officer of the security  police,  military  police,  or  shore  patrol. An apprehension is effected by clear notifica- tion to the offender that he or she is thereby taken into  custody.  The  order  may  be  oral  or  written. A clear distinction exists between the authority to   apprehend   and   the   authority   to   arrest   or confine  (article  9).  Any  person  empowered  to apprehend  an  offender,  however,  is  authorized to secure the custody of an alleged offender until proper  authority  may  be  notified. 6-7

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