SHIP DESIGN AND ENGINEERING
Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
Identify the major components of a ships 6.
Describe the use and identification of 7.
compartments of a ship.
Describe the conventional steam turbine 8.
Describe the diesel propulsion plant.
Describe the gas turbine propulsion plant.
Describe the nuclear propulsion plant.
Describe the damage control organization on
Identify the types of fires and their primary
Describe the importance of preventive damage
17 Apr. 1866
9 Nov. 1880
18 Dec. 1929
17 Jan. 1955
$5,000 appropriated by Con-
gress to test the use of petro-
leum oil as fuel for ships
First steam-powered ship to
circle globe, USS Ticonderoga,
ends cruise begun on 7 Dec.
First use of a ship (USS
Lexington) to furnish electrical
power for a major city takes
place at Tacoma, Washington,
when that city suffers a power
Worlds first atomic submarine,
USS Nautilus, sweeps into
Long Island Sound at start
of maiden voyage, signaling
back to New London, Con-
necticut, Underway on nuclear
power . . .
Looking at two different types of Navy ships,
you might notice several differences. Upon closer
comparison, however, you might also notice many
similarities. All use compartmentation to increase
their ability to remain afloat in case they suffer
damage. All use some type of propulsion plant
and provide their own electrical power. They also
use similar damage control equipment and
In this chapter we will look at some of the
similarities and differences of Navy ships. We will
also give a brief overview of the various types of
propulsion plants used by these ships. Lastly, we
will look at one of the most important areas
shipboard personnel have to deal withdamage
SHIPS BASIC STRUCTURE
The major components of a ships structure
include the plating, keel, framing, bulkheads, and
decks. Each plays a part in creating a ship from
a mass of steel.