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members   of   the   armed   forces   in   1955.   The purpose  of  the  code  is  to  provide  American military  personnel  with  a  standard  of  conduct should they be captured by an enemy. It provides a framework of ideals and ethical standards that will help personnel resist the physical, mental, and moral  onslaughts  of  their  captor. In  1988  President  Ronald  Reagan  issued Executive Order 12633, amending the code to use gender-neutral language. First expressed in written form in 1955, the code is based on time-honored concepts  and  traditions  that  date  back  to  the  days of  the  American  Revolution. ARTICLE  I of I  am  an  American,  fighting  in  the forces  which  guard  my  country  and  our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense. No matter what your job, you are a member the  team  first.  Your  duty  is  to  oppose  the enemies   of   the   United   States   under   all circumstances. ARTICLE  II I will never surrender of my own free will. If in command I will never surrender the  members  of  my  command  while  they still have the means to resist. Even  when  a  situation  seems  hopeless,  you often still have a chance to win. Remember John Paul  Jones!  As  long  as  you  have  the  means  to resist,  you  must  continue  to  do  so.  If  you  no longer  have  weapons,  ammunition,  or  other means, you have the duty to evade capture and attempt  to  rejoin  friendly  forces. ARTICLE  III If I am captured I will continue to resist by all means available. I will make every effort to escape and aid others to escape. I  will  accept  neither  parole  nor  special favors  from  the  enemy. Even  as  a  prisoner,  you  still  have  a  weapon for  resistance.  That  weapon  is  your  mind—the determination  to  resist  and  to  escape.  Stay mentally  and  physically  able  to  seize  any opportunity to escape. By maintaining the burn- ing determination to resist and escape, you keep your mind alert. These have been the ingredients in the stories of the personnel of all branches of the  armed  forces  who  have  escaped  from  the enemy. Never  risk  placing  yourself  under  obligation to the enemy by accepting favors; the enemy will exploit  to  the  utmost  any  weakness  you  show. ARTICLE  IV If  I  become  a  prisoner  of  war,  I  will keep faith with my fellow prisoners. I will give  no  information  or  take  part  in  any action  which  might  be  harmful  to  my comrades.  If  I  am  senior,  I  will  take command.  If  not,  I  will  obey  the  lawful orders of those appointed over me and will back  them  up  in  every  way. Fellow prisoners are your friends in a prison camp. Jealously guard and protect that friendship. Do  nothing  and  say  nothing  that  would  jeopar- dize  a  fellow  prisoner.  Article  105  (Misconduct as  Prisoner)  of  the  Uniform   Code   of   Military Justice  (UCMJ)  provides  for  punishment  of  any person  who  jeopardizes  a  fellow  prisoner.  This includes anyone who causes damage or harm to other prisoners, of whatever nationality, for the purpose  of  gaining  personally  favorable  treat- ment. It also includes anyone who cruelly treats or abuses fellow prisoners while in a position of authority. You must always resist the enemy’s attempts to break down your faith in fellow prisoners. The enemy will use various tactics to attempt to shatter the  unity  of  the  prisoners.  A  prisoner  may  be singled out for special sessions with the captors. The  captors  may  appoint  one  person  as  their representative among the prisoners. The captors may  take  one  of  the  prisoners  away  from  the group  for  an  extended  period  of  time  and  then return  the  prisoner  with  no  explanation.  All  of these  tactics  are  designed  to  destroy  the  prisoners’ faith  in  one  another.  If  the  captors  are  successful, mistrust will grow, individuals will lose faith in each other, and the group will disintegrate into a  dog-eat-dog  struggle  for  survival. All military prisoners in the camp are subject to the lawful orders of the senior officer present, just  as  they  would  be  aboard  ship.  Should  you happen to be senior, you will assume command. An organization must be established to carry out activities such as care of the sick and wounded, camp  sanitation,    and  escape  and  resistance planning. Normally, your captors will not permit 5-12

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