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COLORS  —(1) The Rational ensign. (2) The ceremony  of  raising  and  lowering  the  ensign. COMBATANT SHIP  —A  ship  whose  primary mission  is  combat. COMMISSION PENNANT —A long, narrow pennant  with  stars  and  stripes;  flown  only  aboard a  commissioned  ship. COMPANIONWAY   —Deck  opening  giving access  to  a  ladder  (includes  the  ladder). COMPARTMENT —Interior space (room) in a ship. COMPLETE DECK  —Any  deck  that  extends the  length  of  a  ship  from  side  to  side. CONN —Station, usually on the bridge, from which a ship is controlled; the act of controlling the  ship’s  movements. COURSE   —A  ship’s  desired  direction  of travel,  not  to  be  confused  with  heading,  which is the direction in which the bow is pointed at any given instant. COVER   —(1)  To  protect.  (2)  A  shelter. (3)  Headgear,  and  the  act  of  donning  same. COXSWAIN  —Enlisted  person  in  charge  of a  boat. DARKEN  SHIP  —To  turn  off  all  external lights and close all openings through which lights could  be  seen  from  outside  the  ship. DAVITS  —A crane or mechanical arms that project  over  the  side  of  a  ship  and  are  used  to lower  or  hoist  a  boat  in  or  out  of  the  water. DEAD  AHEAD  —Directly  ahead;  a  relative bearing of 000 degrees.  Dead astern  is  180  degrees relative. DEAD IN THE WATER  —Said of a ship that has stopped and has no way on, or no movement through  the  water. DECK —Horizontal planking or plating that divides  a  ship  into  layers. DECK   SEAMANSHIP   —The  upkeep  and operation  of  all  deck  equipment. DEEP SIX —To throw something overboard. DIP  —The  act  of  lowering  a  flag  partway down the staff as a salute to, or in reply to a salute from,  another  ship. DISTANCE LINE —A  line  stretched  between two  ships  engaged  in  replenishment  or  transfer operations  under  way.  The  line  is  marked  at 20-foot  intervals  to  aid  the  conning  officer  in maintaining  station. DIVISION  —(1)  A  main  subdivision  of  a ship’s  crew  (1st,  E,  G,  etc.).  (2)  An  organization composed of two or more ships of the same type. DOCK  —Commonly  refers  to  any  pier  or wharf; but, strictly speaking, it refers only to the space  alongside  a  pier  or  in  dry  dock. DOG —(1) A lever or a bolt and thumbscrews used  for  securing  a  watertight  door.  (2)  The  act of  dividing  a  4-hour  watch  into  2-hour  watches. DOG  DOWN  —To set the dogs on a water- tight  door. DOG WATCH  —The 1600 to 1800 and 1800 to  2000  watches. DOLPHIN  —(1) A cluster of piles at the end of  a  pier.  (2)  A  porpoise. DOUBLE UP  —To double mooring lines for extra strength. DRAFT —The vertical distance from the keel to  the  waterline. DRAFT MARKS —The figures fastened to the stem and stern, the lower edges of which indicate the  draft  of  the  ship. DRIFT —The speed at which a ship is pushed off  course  by  wind  and  current. DROGUE  —See Sea Anchor. DRY DOCK  —A dock from which the water may be removed for the purpose of inspecting or working  on  a  ship’s  bottom;  it  may  be  either floating  or  built  into  the  shore. EASE  —To  relax,  to  slack. AI-5

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