PARTY A group having a common tempo-
rary assignment or purpose, as working party,
line-handling party, liberty party.
PASSAGEWAY A corridor used for interior
horizontal movement aboard ship,
PAY Monthly salary.
PAY OUT To feed out, or lengthen, a line.
PELORUS A gyrocompass repeater used to
PIER Structure extending from land out into
the water to provide a mooring for vessels.
PIER HEAD Seaward end of a pier.
PIGSTICK Small staff from which the
commission pennant is flown.
PILOTHOUSE Enclosure on the bridge that
houses the main steering controls.
PILOTING Branch of the science of naviga-
tion in which positions are determined by
reference to visible objects on the surface or by
PIPE The act of sounding a particular call
on the boatswains pipe.
PITCH Vertical rise and fall of a ships bow
caused by head or following seas.
PLAIN WHIPPING A whipping made with-
out using a palm and needle.
POLLIWOG A person who has never crossed
PORT To the left of the centerline when
PROTECTIVE DECK See Armored Deck.
PROW That part of the stem (bow) above
PURCHASE A machine that is a combina-
tion of one or more blocks rove with a line or
wire. When rove with chain, it is called a chain
PYROTECHNICS Ammunition containing
chemicals that produce smoke or a brilliant light
when burning; used for signaling or for
QUARTER Area between dead astern and
QUARTERDECK Deck area designated by
the commanding officer as the place to carry out
official functions; the station of the OOD in port.
QUARTERMASTER An enlisted assistant
to the navigator.
QUARTERS (1) Stations for shipboard
evolutions, as general quarters, fire quarters,
quarters for muster. (2) Living spaces.
QUAY (Pronounced key.) A solid structure
along a bank used for loading and off-loading
RADAR A device that uses reflected radio
waves to detect objects.
RANGE (1) The distance of an object from
an observer. (2) An aid to navigation consisting
of two objects in line. (3) A water area designated
for a particular purpose, as a gunnery range.
RAT GUARD A hinged metal disk secured
to a mooring line to prevent rats from crossing
the line into the ship.
RAT-TAILED STOPPER A braided tapering
line used on boat falls, mooring lines, etc.
REDUCER Fitting applied to a fire hydrant
to permit the attachment of a hose of smaller
diameter than the hydrant outlet.
REEF An underwater ledge rising abruptly
from the floor of the ocean.
REEVE To thread a line through a pulley.
RELIEF Person assigned to assume the
duties of another.
RELIEVE (1) To take the place of another.
(2) To ease the strain on a line.
RIDE A ship at anchor rides to its anchor
as it swings on the chain attached to the anchor.