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PARTY  —A group having a common tempo- rary  assignment  or  purpose,  as  working  party, line-handling  party,  liberty  party. PASSAGEWAY  —A  corridor  used  for  interior horizontal  movement  aboard  ship, PAY —Monthly  salary. PAY OUT  —To feed out, or lengthen, a line. PELORUS —A gyrocompass repeater used to take bearings. PIER —Structure extending from land out into the  water  to  provide  a  mooring  for  vessels. PIER  HEAD  —Seaward end of a pier. PIGSTICK   —Small   staff   from   which   the commission  pennant  is  flown. PILOTHOUSE —Enclosure on the bridge that houses  the  main  steering  controls. PILOTING —Branch  of  the  science  of  naviga- tion  in  which  positions  are  determined  by reference  to  visible  objects  on  the  surface  or  by soundings. PIPE —The act of sounding a particular call on  the  boatswain’s  pipe. PITCH —Vertical rise and fall of a ship’s bow caused  by  head  or  following  seas. PLAIN WHIPPING —A whipping made with- out  using  a  palm  and  needle. POLLIWOG —A person who has never crossed the  equator. PORT  —To  the  left  of  the  centerline  when facing   forward. PROTECTIVE DECK  —See Armored Deck. PROW  —That part of the stem (bow) above the waterline. PURCHASE —A machine that is a combina- tion  of  one  or  more  blocks  rove  with  a  line  or wire.  When  rove  with  chain,  it  is  called  a  chain fall. PYROTECHNICS —Ammunition containing chemicals that produce smoke or a brilliant light when   burning;   used   for   signaling   or   for illumination. QUARTER —Area between dead astern and either  beam. QUARTERDECK —Deck area designated by the commanding officer as the place to carry out official functions; the station of the OOD in port. QUARTERMASTER —An enlisted assistant to  the  navigator. QUARTERS   —(1)   Stations   for   shipboard evolutions,  as  general   quarters,   fire  quarters, quarters  for  muster.  (2)  Living  spaces. QUAY —(Pronounced key.) A solid structure along  a  bank  used  for  loading  and  off-loading vessels. RADAR —A device that uses reflected radio waves  to  detect  objects. RANGE  —(1) The distance of an object from an  observer.  (2)  An  aid  to  navigation  consisting of two objects in line. (3) A water area designated for  a  particular  purpose,  as  a  gunnery  range. RAT GUARD —A hinged metal disk secured to  a  mooring  line  to  prevent  rats  from  crossing the  line  into  the  ship. RAT-TAILED  STOPPER  —A  braided  tapering line  used  on  boat  falls,  mooring  lines,  etc. REDUCER —Fitting  applied  to  a  fire  hydrant to  permit  the  attachment  of  a  hose  of  smaller diameter than the hydrant outlet. REEF —An underwater ledge rising abruptly from  the  floor  of  the  ocean. REEVE —To thread a line through a pulley. RELIEF  —Person  assigned  to  assume  the duties  of  another. RELIEVE —(1) To take the place of another. (2)  To  ease  the  strain  on  a  line. RIDE  —A ship at anchor  rides to its anchor as it swings on the chain attached to the anchor. AI-11

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