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SHIFT —(1) The act of the wind in changing direction.  (2)  The  act  of  moving  a  rudder  with angle on it to the same angle on the opposite side. SHIFT  COLORS  —To  change  the  arrange- ment  of  the  colors  upon  getting  under  way  or coming   to   moorings. SHIP —(1) Any large seagoing vessel capable of  extended  independent  operation.  (2)  To  take on  water  unintentionally. SHIP OVER  —To reenlist in the Navy. SHIPSHAPE  —Neat,  clean,  taut,  in  fine shape. SHOAL —Similar to a reef, but more gradual in  its  rise  from  the  floor  of  the  ocean. SHORE —(1) The land in general, but usually refers  to  that  part  adjacent  to  the  water.  (2)  A timber  used  in  damage  control  to  brace  bulkheads and  decks. SHROUD  —A  line  or  wire  that  provides athwartship  support  for  a  mast. SICK  BAY   —Shipboard  space  used  as  a hospital. SIDE BOY  —One of a group of seamen who form  two  ranks  at  the  gangway  as  part  of  the ceremonies  conducted  for  visiting  officials. SIDE LIGHT —One of the required running lights. The starboard  side light  is green and the port  side light  is  red. SIDE  PORT  —A  watertight  opening  in  a ship’s  side  that  is  used  as  a  doorway. SIGHT  —(1) To see for the first time, as to sight  a  ship  on  the  horizon.  (2)  A  celestial observation. SKYLARK —To  engage  in  irresponsible  horse- play. SLACK  —(1)  To  allow  a  line  to  run  out. (2) Having little or no discipline, as a  slack ship. SLIP  —(1)  To  free  a  ship  of  its  anchor  by disconnecting  the  cable  or  by  allowing  its  bitter end to run out. (2) A narrow space between two piers, or the space between two rows of piles that guide  a  ferryboat  into  its  berth. SMALL CRAFT  —Any   less-than-ship-sized vessel. SMALL STORES —Personal needs for sailors, such  as  articles  of  clothing. SMART —Snappy,  seamanlike,  shipshape. SNAKING  —Netting  stretched  between  the gunwales  and  footrope  (see  Lifeline)  to  prevent objects  from  going  over  the  side. SNUB —The act of suddenly checking a line that  is  running  out  under  a  strain. SOPA —Abbreviation  for  senior  officer  present afloat. SOUND  —(1)   To   determine   the   depth   of water. (2) The act of a whale or similar creature in diving deep. (3) A body of water between the mainland  and  a  large  coastal  island. SPANNER  —A  wrench  used  for  tightening couplings  on  a  fire  hose. SPAR  —A  long  cylindrical  member  of  wood or metal, tapered at the ends; usually attached to a mast for use as a boom or for the attachment of  equipment  such  as  signal  halyards.  See  Boat Boom;  Yardarm. SPAR  BUOY  —A  buoy  shaped  like  a  spar. Usually indicates special areas, such as a quarantine anchorage (yellow) or normal anchorage (white), but  may  be  used  to  indicate  a  channel  (painted red  or  green,  as  appropriate). SPECIAL SEA DETAIL —Personnel aboard ship assigned special duties connected with leaving and  entering  port. SPLICE —The act of intertwining strands of lines  or  wires  to  join  them  together  or  to  make an  eye;  the  joint  so  made. SPRING —A mooring line that leads forward (or aft) at an angle from ship to pier. Its purpose is to check the fore and aft movement of the ship. SPRING  LAY   —Wire  rope  in  which  each strand  consists  partly  of  wire  and  partly  of tarred  hemp  or  similar  fiber. SQUADRON   —Two   or   more   divisions   of ships  or  aircraft. AI-13

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