When a member of the guard is engaged in
performance of a duty that prevents saluting
In action or under simulated combat con-
At mess (When addressed, stop eating and
show respectful attention.)
HAND SALUTES ON
Formal occasions require hand salutes
according to the situation. At a military ceremony
and when the occasion requires, an officer or
enlisted person salutes rather than uncovers, as
that is the traditional mark of respect.
When an officer officially attends a military
funeral, a salute is appropriate at the following
Whenever honors are rendered
When the body is removed from the hearse
to the chapel, from the chapel to the caisson,
and from the caisson to the grave
When the volleys are fired
When Taps is sounded
Participants at a nonmilitary funeral or burial
service may follow the civilian custom of un-
covering (rather than saluting) when such honors
are called for. For example, they might uncover
during the procession to the grave or the lowering
of the body.
Jewish custom calls for remaining covered
during all religious ceremonies. The usual rules
regarding uncovering do not apply when a
representative of that faith conducts the service.
Additionally, personnel may wear a skullcap
(yarmulke) with the uniform whenever a military
cap, hat, or other headgear is not prescribed. They
also may wear a skullcap underneath military
headgear as long as it does not interfere with the
proper wearing, functioning, or appearance of the
During National Anthem
When the national anthem is played, persons
in the naval service stand at attention, facing the
colors, if displayed; otherwise, they face the sound
of the music. If covered, they begin the salute at
the first note and end it at the last note.
When in ranks, the officer in charge orders,
Attention, and renders the appropriate hand
or sword salute for the formation. In boats, only
the boat officeror, in the officers absence, the
coxswainstands and salutes when the national
anthem is played. Other members of the crew, and
passengers who are already standing, stand at
attention. All others remain seated at attention.
Personnel in civilian clothing standing at attention
in a boat during the pIaying of the national
anthem do not render the hand-over-heart
salute. That is an exception to the general
The above rules apply only to a formal
rendition of the national anthem. For example,
if you were in uniform and heard The Star-
Spangled Banner being broadcast over the radio,
you would not be expected to stop, face the music,
and salute. However, you would render the
required honors if you were attending a public
gathering where the anthem was being broadcast
as part of the ceremony.
Military personnel salute the flag when they
are passed by or pass the flag being carried
uncased in a parade or military formation.
Funerals and Religious Services
During funerals (fig. 7-5), officers and enlisted
personnel remain covered while in the open but
uncover during the committal service at the grave.
During burial services at sea, they remain covered
throughout the service.
During religious services aboard ship and
during formal religious ceremonies outdoors
ashore (such as Easter sunrise service), members
remain uncovered throughout the ceremony.
In general, a military person uncovers during
a religious ceremony but remains covered during
a military ceremony. Religious ceremonies include
church services, civilian funerals, or burial
services an officer or enlisted person attends as
a friend of a relative rather than as a represent-
ative of the Navy. Military funerals and burials