22 Dec. 1775
25 Jul. 1777
17 Dec. 1810
11 Jul. 1846
26 Jun. 1884
2 May 1955
Commissions are approved for
first Regular officers of the
Subsistence of naval officers
while in foreign ports is autho-
rized by Congress.
Future Admiral David G. Far-
ragut is appointed to the rank of
First Naval Academy graduate,
Richmond Aulicks, commis-
sioned a passed midshipman.
Commissioning of Naval
Academy graduates as ensigns
authorized by Congress.
Navy announces the Aviation
Officer Candidate Program.
The current requirement for naval officers on
active duty is about 71,000. Approximately 6,200
persons are commissioned as Regular or Reserve
officers and ordered to active duty each year. The
Navys active-duty officer programs are aimed at
the fulfillment of established goals based on
projected requirements. The Regular officer
procurement programs do not provide sufficient
officers to maintain the USN structure. Therefore,
qualified Reserve officers who apply are selected
for USN status as needed to maintain the career
officer cadre of the Navy.
Our naval officers are procured from several
different sources (fig. 3-1). A career as a naval
officer is open to civilians through the Naval
Academy or a college NROTC program (NROTC
programs are the largest source). Selected civilian
college graduates who are qualified in appropriate
specialties may receive a direct appointment.
Officer Candidate School (OCS) and Aviation
Officer Candidate School (AOCS) are open to
civilians and military personnel who have earned
a degree. For enlisted personnel already serving
in the Navy, other routes are discussed in the
NAVAL AVIATION CADET
The Naval Aviation Cadet (NAVCAD)
Program provides naval aviation training to
qualified men and women with 2 or more years
of approved college courses.
When NAVCADs successfully complete
aviation training, they are appointed as officers
in the Naval Reserve and designated as Navy
The NAVCAD Program is open to qualified
civilians and enlisted personnel who have not
previously been disenrolled from any flight
AgeAt least 19, but not have reached
25th birthday before reporting to AOCS.
CitizenshipUnited States citizen only.
Marital StatusSingle with no dependents;
must remain single until commissioning.
There are no exceptions to this rule.
Additionally, they must meet all physical
requirements, including 20/20 uncorrected
vision and height limitations.
NAVCAD applicants must complete AOCS
and attend basic and advanced flight training. The
NAVCAD is obligated for 6 years of active
commissioned service after becoming a naval
CHIEF WARRANT OFFICER
The mounting sophistication of ships, aircraft,
and weapons systems requires commissioned
officer specialists. These officers must be able to
closely supervise complicated machinery and
weapons as well as the enlisted technicians who
maintain and operate them.
A chief warrant officer, although commis-
sioned from the enlisted ranks, bridges the gap
between the enlisted and commissioned structures.
The CWO structure provides flexibility in two
separate areas. A chief warrant officer grows in
competence during his or her progression through
the enlisted and warrant fields, while remaining
within a specific technical field or job skill. The
CWO can also be assigned repeatedly to similar
billets largely irrespective of grade within the
The CWO Program is open to both men and
women. It provides a path of advancement to
warrant status for chief petty officers of the