the blue or white service coat. On other uniforms,
attach the bar in the same relative position.
Wear up to five miniatures on one holding
bar. When wearing more than five, arrange in two
or more rows as shown in figure 9-18.
Wear service ribbons in their order of
precedence (from top down and from inboard to
outboard) with all service dress uniforms. Allow
no intervals between ribbons or rows of ribbons.
Do not impregnate with preservatives that change
their appearance or wear with transparent covers.
On uniforms, center the lower edge of the
bottom row of ribbons approximately 1/4 inch
above the left breast pocket.
Wear three ribbons or less in a single
horizontal row. When authorized to wear three
or more ribbons, wear them in rows of three
each. If not in multiples of three, place the
lesser number in the uppermost row and center
over the row beneath. If you possess three or
more, wear a minimum of three; you may wear
all if desired.
A variety of stars, devices, and clasps are
authorized for wear on the suspension ribbons of
medals and service ribbons.
STARS. Stars are made of gold, bronze, or
silver. You wear them as follows:
Wear a gold star instead of a second or
subsequent award of a military decoration, except
for the air medal.
Wear a 3/16-inch bronze star for the second,
third, and fourth award of a campaign or service
Wear a silver star instead of five gold or
bronze stars, except for the air medal.
Center a single star on the ribbon. If wearing
more than one star, place them in a horizontal
line close to and symmetrically about the center
of the ribbon. Locate the silver star as near the
center of the ribbon as symmetry permits. When
wearing a star in addition to a silver star or letter
device, wear on your right. Wear a second star
to your left, and so on. When medals overlap,
you may wear all stars to your left. Place stars
on the ribbon with two rays pointing down.
LETTER DEVICES. Wear metal letter
devices, when authorized, centered on the
Individuals awarded the Legion of Merit,
Bronze Star Medal, Joint Service Commendation
Medal, Navy Achievement Medal, or the
Commendation Medal for acts or services
involving direct participation in combat opera-
tions may be authorized to wear a bronze
Personnel who qualify may wear the bronze
S on the medal, signifying their qualification as
a sharpshooter, or the bronze E, signifying their
expertise, on their Pistol or Rifle Marksmanship
medals and ribbons, as appropriate. They wear
a silver E upon qualifying for the third E.
CLASPS. Wear clasps, when authorized,
only on suspension ribbons of large medals.
However, you may display stars or other devices
worn instead of clasps on the suspension ribbons
of miniature medals and on ribbon bars.
The following miscellaneous devices are also
authorized for wear on the naval uniform:
Fleet Marine Force Combat Operations
Insignia: Beginning with World War II, Navy
personnel who have been attached to Fleet Marine
Force units in active combat with an armed enemy
may wear a bronze miniature Marine Corps
emblem with the appropriate World War II Area
Campaign Medal, Korean Service Ribbon, Armed
Forces Expeditionary Medal, and Vietnam Service
Hour Glass: Naval Reserve personnel may
wear this device instead of a second or subsequent
Armed Forces Reserve Medal for each succeeding
10 years of service. (The device is a representation
of an hourglass superimposed with the reman
Antarctica Wintered Over Disk: This device
consists of a bronze disk inscribed with an outline
of the Antarctic Continent. You may wear it on
the suspension ribbons of the miniature Antarctica
Service Medal and on the corresponding ribbon
bar (wear a Wintered Over clasp with the large