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False Official Statements
(3)  through  disobedience,  neg- lect,   or   intentional   misconduct endangers  the  safety  of  any  such command,  unit,  place,  or  military property; (4)   casts   away   his   arms   or ammunition; (5)   is   guilty   of   cowardly conduct; (6)  quits  his  place  of  duty  to plunder  or  pillage; (7)  causes  false  alarms  in  any command,   unit,   or   place   under control  of  the  armed  forces; (8)   willfully   fails   to   do   his utmost  to  encounter,  engage,  cap- ture, or destroy any enemy troops, combatants,   vessels,   aircraft,   or any other thing, which it is his duty so  to  encounter,,  engage,  capture, or  destroy;  or (9)  does  not  afford  all  practic- able  relief  and  assistance  to  any troops, combatants, vessels, or air- craft  of  the  armed  forces  belong- ing  to  the  United  States  or  their allies when engaged in battle; shall be punished by death or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct. Art. 100. Subordinate Compelling Surrender Any  person  subject  to  this  code  who compels  or  attempts  to  compel  the  com- mander  of  any  place,  vessel,  aircraft,  or other military property, or of any body of members of the armed forces, to give it up to  an  enemy  or  to  abandon  it,  or  who strikes  the  colors  or  flag  to  an  enemy without  proper  authority,  shall  be  punished by  death  or  such  other  punishment  as  a court-martial  may  direct. Although  these  offenses  are  similar  to  mutiny, they  do  not  require  concert  of  action.  The  com- pulsion to surrender must be by acts rather than words.  To   “strike   the   colors   or   flag”   is   to surrender.  The  offense  is  committed  by  anyone subject to the UCMJ who assumes the authority to surrender a military force or position when that person is not authorized to do so either by com- petent  authority  or  by  the  necessities  of  battle. Art. 101. Improper Use of Countersign Any person subject to this code who in time  of  war  discloses  the  parole  or  counter- sign to any person not entitled to receive it or who gives to another who is entitled to  receive  and  use  the  parole  or  counter- sign a different parole or countersign from that  which,  to  his  knowledge,  he  was authorized  and  required  to  give,  shall  be punished  by  death  or  such  other  punish- ment  as  a  court-martial  may  direct. A  “countersign”  is  a  word  designated  by  the principal  headquarters  of  a  command  to  aid guards and sentinels in their scrutiny of persons who apply to pass the lines. It consists of a secret challenge  and  a  password.  A  “parole”  is  a  word used as a check on the countersign; it is imparted only to those who are entitled to inspect guards and  to  commanders  of  guards. Art. 102. Forcing a Safeguard Any  person  subject  to  this  code  who forces  a  safeguard  shall  suffer  death  or such other punishment as a court-martial may  direct. A  “safeguardis  a  detachment,  guard,  or detail  posted  by  a  commander.  It  protects  persons, places, or property of the enemy or of a neutral affected by the relationship of the opposing forces in  their  prosecution  of  war  or  during  a  state  of conflict.  The  term  also  includes  a  written  order left  by  a  commander  with  an  enemy  subject  or posted  upon  enemy  property  for  the  protection of   the   individual   or   property   concerned.   The effect  of  a  safeguard  is  a  pledge  of  honor  by  a nation  that  its  armed  force  will  respect  the  person or  property  concerned. Art. 103. Captured or Abandoned Property (a)  All  persons  subject  to  this  code shall secure all public property taken from the  enemy  for  the  service  of  the  United States, and shall give notice and turn over to  the  proper  authority  without  delay  all captured  or  abandoned  property  in  their possession,   custody,   or   control. (b)  Any  person  subject  to  this  code who— (1) fails to carry out the duties prescribed  in  subsection  (a); 6-17

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