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Delivery of Offenders to Civil Authorities
Naval Orientation - Military manual for administrative purposes
Punitive Articles of the UCMJ
mean the detailed counsel named in the convening order.  The  term  “individual  counsel”  refers  to the military counsel selected by the accused or the civilian counsel provided by the accused at his or her own expense. The  trial  counsel  and  defense  counsel  detailed for a general court-martial must have equivalent legal    qualifications.    Each  must  be  a  judge advocate   of   the   Army,   Navy,   Air   Force,   or Marine Corps who is a graduate of an accredited law school or is a member of the bar of a federal court or of the highest court of a state. Each must be certified as competent to perform such duties by  the  Judge  Advocate  General  of  the  armed forces of which he or she is a member. A civilian counsel must be a member of the bar of a federal court  or  of  the  highest  court  of  a  state. In  a  special  court-martial,  the  accused  must be afforded the opportunity to be represented by counsel qualified under article 27, UCMJ, unless such  counsel  cannot  be  obtained  because  of  the geographical   location   or   pressing   military   re- quirements.  If  qualified  defense  counsel  cannot be   obtained   or   if   the   accused   has   declined qualified  counsel,  the  detailed  defense  counsel must  meet  the  following  requirements.  If  the detailed  defense  counsel  does  not  meet  the  follow- ing   requirements,    an   SPCM   is   not   legally constituted: •  If   the   detailed   trial   counsel   or   any assistant trial counsel is qualified to act as counsel before a GCM, the detailed defense counsel must be  a  person  similarly  qualified;  or If the detailed trial counsel or any assis- tant trial counsel is a judge advocate or a member of the bar of a federal court or the highest court of a state, the detailed defense counsel must be one  of  the  same. Art. 31. Compulsory hibited Self-Incrimination    Pro- This article explains your right not to provide evidence  against  yourself  (self-incrimination),  a right given to all citizens under the Fifth Amend- ment  to  the  U.S.  Constitution.  The  following statements  explain  your  rights  against  self- incrimination: You cannot be forced to answer questions or  give  evidence  that  may  help  to  prove your  guilt. You must be told the nature of the offense of which you are accused; that you do not have  to  make  any  statement;  and  that  if you  do,  it  can  be  used  against  you. You cannot be forced to make a statement or give evidence in a trial that is not related to  the  case  or  that  may  degrade  you. No statement obtained from you by threats or  trickery  can  be  used  against  you  in  a court-martial  trial. Art. 37. Unlawfully Influencing Action of Court (a) No authority convening a general, special,  or  summary  court-martial,  nor  any other  commanding  officer,  may  censure, reprimand, or admonish the court or any member, military   judge,   or   counsel thereof,  with  respect  to  the  findings  or sentence  adjudged  by  the  court,  or  with respect to any other exercise of its or his functions  in  the  conduct  of  the  proceeding. No person subject to this code may attempt to coerce or, by any unauthorized means, influence  the  action  of  a  court-martial  or any  other  military  tribunal  or  any  member thereof,   in   reaching   the   findings   or sentence in any case, or the action of any convening, approving,  or  reviewing authority with respect to his judicial acts. Article  37  is  designed  to court,   its   members,   and   its completely free to fulfill their fear  of  reprisal. ensure that every officers   shall   be functions  without Art. 38. Duties of Trial Counsel and Defense Counsel The trial counsel prosecutes in the name of the United  States  and,  under  the  direction  of  the 6-10

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