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Marine Division
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Naval Orientation - Military manual for administrative purposes
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Artillery
Force Service Support Group (FSSG) The   force   service   support   group   (FSSG) provides sustained combat service support for the Marine Division and other force level units. Each FSSG  contains  eight  battalions  that  provide  all combat-service  support  functions  beyond  the inherent  capability  of  other  FMF  units.  The  FSSG is  structured  to  support  either  a  one-division/ wing-configured  MEF,  two  MEBs  simultaneously, or  four  MEUs  simultaneously. Marine Corps Reserve Ready  to  increase  the  manpower  combat strength  of  the  Marine  Corps  by  one-third  in  a matter of weeks is the 4th Marine Division/Wing Team of the Selected Marine Corps Reserve. This force  is  organized,  equipped,  and  trained  in  the same  manner  as  the  Regular  Fleet  Marine  Forces. Depending  on  the  combat  situation,  4th  Marine Division/Wing   units   are   capable   of   either augmenting  Regular  FMF  units  or  deploying  as a  separate  division/wing  team. The  Selected  Marine  Corps  Reserve  totals slightly over 40,000 marines in both ground and aviation   units.   Additionally,   Individual   Ready Reservists  (IRR)  consist  of  more  than  52,000 officers and enlisted marines not assigned to units. IRRs  are  trained  and  prepared  to  fill  out  both Active   and   Reserve   organizations   in   an emergency. Training  programs  for  Reserve  Marines include realistic air-ground training one weekend a month and 2 weeks each summer. During the latter  period,  Reserve  and  Regular  units  train together  frequently,  engaging  in  exercises  that simulate  their  roles  in  combat. WOMEN   MARINES During  World  War  I,  305  women  reservists served in clerical jobs in order to free male marines to fight in France. In February 1943 the Marine Corps again called on women so that men could be   released   for   combat.   By   June   1944   the authorized   quota   of   18,000   enlisted   women marines  had  been  met  and  approximately  800 women  Marine  officers  had  been  trained  and assigned. Unlike  World  War  I  women  marines,  World War  II  women  reservists  performed  over  200 different  military  assignments,  serving  at  every major post and station in the United States and Hawaii. By July 1946 all women reservists became eligible  for  discharge.  They  had  performed  well in  answering  the  Corps’  call  to  “free  a  man  to fight.” By Act of Congress on 12 June 1948, authority was given to enlist women in the Regular Marine Corps. Soon thereafter a women’s officer training detachment  was  set  up  at  Quantico,  Virginia, and  the  3rd  Recruit  Training  Battalion  was activated  at  Parris  Island  for  training  women recruits. Today women marines are an integral part of the  Regular  Marine  Corps,  providing  a  nucleus that can expand rapidly in the event of mobiliza- tion.  Women  marines  serve  in  all  noncombat fields and are assigned to every major post and station  of  the  Marine  Corps. MARINE  CORPS  EQUIPMENT The Marine Corps’ heavy equipment includes tanks,   amphibians, light   armored   vehicles, artillery, missiles, and aircraft. During the 1980s, equipment  modernization  programs  across  the entire  spectrum  of  combat  arms  have  brought dramatic  improvement  in  the  Marine  Corps’ fighting  capability.  Major  improvements  include the AV-8B Harrier, the vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) aircraft, and the light armored vehicle   (LAV). TANKS The  Marine  Corps’  main  battle  tank  is  the M-60  medium  tank.  Its  armament  includes  a 105-mm  gun,  a  7.62-mm  machine  gun,  and  a .50-caliber machine gun. The M-60 tank weighs 53 tons and can travel at speeds up to 30 miles per  hour.  It  can  climb  60-percent  grades,  scale 3-foot-high  obstacles,  ford  8-foot-deep  streams, and    cross    8½-foot-deep    ditches. AMPHIBIOUS  ASSAULT  VEHICLES (AAVS) The  Marine  Corps’  current  amphibious  assault vehicle  (AAV)  is  the  LVTP-7  (landing  vehicle, tracked,   personnel).   It   can   carry   either   25 combat-equipped  marines  or  5  tons  of  supplies in the amphibious assault. It can travel at speeds up to 8.4 knots in water or 40 miles per hour on land.  The  LVTP-7  can  climb  60-percent  grades, breech 3-foot-high obstacles, and traverse 8-foot- wide ditches. Other versions of AAVs include the LVTC-7 (command) and LVTR-7 (recovery). The LVTC-7 14-6

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