4. Normally remove headgear indoors. When
in a duty status and wearing side arms or a pistol belt,
remove headgear indoors only when entering dining
areas or areas where religious services are being
1. Remove your cap or hat when traveling
inside a private automobile off base.
A cap is
mandatory when entering or within a military
reservation, unless wearing the cap is impractical or
2. Navy blue earmuffs are authorized for
optional wear with service and working uniforms
when outer garments are worn.
Shake hands upon being introduced or saying
good-bye. It is unforgivable not to accept an extended
hand. If seated, rise when introduced to anyone and
upon the departure of anyone. Normally, the senior
officer makes the first move in handshaking. Your
handshake should be firm and confident. Look the
individual with whom you are shaking hands directly
in the eye.
FORMS OF ADDRESS
Use the following guidelines when introducing
and addressing naval personnel:
In written communications, show the name of
the corps to which any staff corps officer belongs
immediately following the officers name.
Address a senior by title and name, such as
Commander Doe or Lieutenant Wilson, rather
than the impersonal sir or maam. Address two
or more officers of the same rank and sex as
gentlemen or ladies.
Aboard ship, address the commanding officer
as captain regardless of the grade.
executive officer (if of the grade of commander) as
Because many people are not familiar with
Navy grade insignia and corps devices, make any
introduction, however brief, reasonably informative.
Use titles when introducing naval officers to civilians.
For example, This is Lieutenant Door of the Navy
Nurse Corps or This is Lieutenant Commander
Pistol, on duty with the Navy Department.
When introducing officers who are married,
introduce the senior officer first:
Commander Jane Doe and her husband Lieutenant
Commander John Doe. If the woman officer has
chosen to retain her maiden name for professional
purposes, you should introduce them as Commander
Mary Christmas and her husband Lieutenant
Commander Jon Boate.
Table 5-1 is a matrix showing both military and
civilian forms of how to introduce and address naval
RELATIONS BETWEEN SENIOR
OFFICERS AND JUNIOR OFFICERS
The twin foundations of military courtesy among
officers are precedence and deference to seniors.
Officers take precedence according to their grade.
This precedence encompasses military relationships
on board ship and ashore, in messes, in clubs, and in
Naval courtesy requires that junior officers give
their seniors the esteem and respect a polite society
expects its younger people to give their elders. Naval
courtesy also prescribes that seniors shall, with equal
attention, acknowledge and respond to these
demonstrations of respect required of juniors.
Adhere to the following guidelines when dealing
Maintain an attitude of military attention when
approaching a senior officer to make an official report
or request. Do not take a seat or otherwise relax until
invited to do so by the senior.
A senior sends compliments to a junior; the
junior sends respects. In written correspondence
the senior may call attention but the junior may
only invite it.
When submitting a solution to a
particular problem, the senior suggests while the
junior recommends. Similarly, a senior directs a
junior while a junior requests action of a senior.
Unless on watch, uncover upon entering a
room in which a senior is present.
If seated, rise and remain at attention when
addressed by a senior. Remain seated if at work, at
games, or at mess when an officer, other than a flag
officer or the captain of the ship, passes, unless called
to attention or when necessary to clear a way.