You can motivate students to learn in many different ways. First, take into account
individual differences in ability, background, and attitudes. Then try to satisfy the physiological,
safety, belongingness, and esteem needs of the students.
Make the classroom environment
conducive to learning. Take an interest in your students. Learn their names as fast as you can
and let them feel that they belong in your classroom.
Direct learning experiences toward
feelings of success by encouraging achievement and a positive self concept. Give students
positive, helpful feedback and help them set challenging but attainable goals. Use various
techniques to motivate students and encourage self confidence and self direction at all times.
Provide a learning-oriented environment. Do everything possible to create an environment that
encourages your students to learn.
Make it physically and psychologically safe.
APPLYING MOTIVATION TECHNIQUES TO INSTRUCTION
The techniques of motivation have application
introduction, the presentation, and the summary.
Use motivation at the beginning of a lesson
in each part of a lesson presentation: the
as a means of introducing the material,
stimulating interest, arousing curiosity, and developing a specific direction. Besides showing the
need for learning the information, the introduction should serve as a connecting link between
the present lesson and previous lessons.
Use the lesson introduction to
discuss specific reasons why students
need to learn the information you
plan to present. To reinforce their
desire to learn, show students how
the information relates to their
career advancement or some other
Give the students specific
examples. In many cases, you may
motivate students by telling them
they will need the information to
understand future lessons.
For most instructional methods,
provide a road map for learning. You may find effective visual aids helpful at this point. A
clear introduction can contribute greatly to a lesson by removing doubts in the minds of the
learners about where the lesson is going and how they are going to get there. Tell students what
you will cover or leave out and why. Explain how you have organized your ideas. Students
understand better and retain more when they know what to expect. The purpose of the
introduction is to motivate students to learn by listening to the information you will present in
the body of the lesson.