The presentation is the part of the lesson in which you teach the lesson objectives. The
lesson plan outlines the learning objectives and provides all the technical support you need for
your presentation. As you use this material in your teaching, apply the law of primacy. Begin
teaching the new information at a level that students can understand; move from the known to
Teach information in a logical sequence, making associations to previously
learned information. Use examples and analogies to appeal to different learning styles and to
reinforce the learning process. Actively involve your students throughout the presentation. Ask
questions, plan group exercises, encourage discussions and note taking. Use training aids at
appropriate times to support explanations and to stimulate and maintain student interest. Many
times, the training aids will prompt student questions that can lead to a class discussion. While
you want to encourage discussions, keep in mind that you have a limited amount of time to
teach each lesson. Make effective use of the training time allotted. Dont get bogged down in
discussions that do not relate directly to the lesson objectives. Control the pace of the
instruction so that you will have enough time to properly close your lesson.
In the review or summary, recap the information taught in the presentation. Go over the
main discussion points of your lesson; dont try to reteach it. Ask questions that help students
mentally review what has been taught. As your students respond, reinforce important points
(safety, steps of procedure, concepts, etc). Clarify and correct misconceptions and errors so that
students dont leave the class with poor understanding. Finish your lesson strongly with positive
statements about the importance of the topic, its relationship to the job, and the responsibilities
of the students.
The lesson method is the most flexible and perhaps the most useful of all the methods in the
The use of questions and visual aids contributes to maximum class
activity and better maintains student attention. The student involvement builds teamwork and
helps students understand their responsibility toward learning. The lesson method develops
more positive attitudes and provides motivation, not only from the instructors viewpoint but
from the viewpoint of the group itself. As a Navy Instructor, resist the temptation to lecture;
instead use the positive aspects of active student involvement.
The basic, and most often used, method of instruction for teaching skill-type subjects is the
demonstration method. It covers all of the steps your students need to learn a skill in an
effective learning sequence.
This method always includes a demonstration step and a
performance step and allows you to use other steps as needed.
Related to every Navy skill, mental or physical, is a body of background knowledge students
must know to perform the skill properly. You can best teach some kinds of background
knowledge in a standard classroom with adequate provisions for comfortable seating and for
the display of training aids. You must present other kinds of background knowledge by actual
demonstrations conducted in laboratories.