Quantcast Demonstration - 134t_65

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Lesson - 134t_64
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Demonstration Step -Continued
The  presentation  is   the   part   of   the   lesson   in   which   you   teach   the   lesson   objectives.   The lesson  plan  outlines  the  learning  objectives  and  provides  all  the  technical  support  you  need  for your   presentation.   As  you  use  this  material  in  your  teaching,  apply  the  law  of  primacy.  Begin teaching  the  new  information  at  a  level  that  students  can  understand;  move  from  the  known  to the   unknown. Teach   information   in   a   logical   sequence,   making   associations   to   previously learned   information.   Use   examples   and   analogies   to   appeal   to   different   learning   styles   and   to reinforce   the   learning   process.   Actively   involve   your   students   throughout   the   presentation.   Ask questions,  plan  group  exercises,  encourage  discussions  and  note  taking.  Use  training  aids  at appropriate  times  to  support  explanations  and  to  stimulate  and  maintain  student  interest.  Many times,  the  training  aids  will  prompt  student  questions  that  can  lead  to  a  class  discussion.  While you  want  to  encourage  discussions,  keep  in  mind  that  you  have  a  limited  amount  of  time  to teach   each   lesson.   Make   effective   use   of   the   training   time   allotted.   Don’t   get   bogged   down   in discussions   that   do   not   relate   directly   to   the   lesson   objectives.   Control   the   pace   of   the instruction  so  that  you  will  have  enough  time  to  properly  close  your  lesson. In  the  review  or  summary,   recap  the  information  taught  in  the  presentation.  Go  over  the main  discussion  points  of  your  lesson;  don’t  try  to  reteach  it.  Ask  questions  that  help  students mentally  review  what  has  been  taught.  As  your  students  respond,  reinforce  important  points (safety,  steps  of  procedure,  concepts,  etc).  Clarify  and  correct  misconceptions  and  errors  so  that students  don’t  leave  the  class  with  poor  understanding.  Finish  your  lesson  strongly  with  positive statements  about  the  importance  of  the  topic,  its  relationship  to  the  job,  and  the  responsibilities of   the   students. The  lesson  method  is  the  most  flexible  and  perhaps  the  most  useful  of  all  the  methods  in  the training    environment. The   use   of   questions   and   visual   aids   contributes   to   maximum   class activity   and   better   maintains   student   attention.   The   student   involvement   builds   teamwork   and helps   students   understand   their   responsibility   toward   learning.   The   lesson   method   develops more   positive   attitudes   and   provides   motivation,   not   only   from   the   instructor’s   viewpoint   but” from   the   viewpoint   of   the   group   itself.   As   a   Navy   Instructor,   resist   the   temptation   to   lecture; instead   use   the   positive   aspects   of   active   student   involvement. DEMONSTRATION The   basic,   and   most   often   used,   method   of   instruction   for   teaching   skill-type   subjects   is   the demonstration   method.   It   covers   all   of   the   steps   your   students   need   to   learn   a   skill   in   an effective   learning   sequence. This  method  always  includes  a  demonstration  step  and  a performance   step   and   allows   you   to   use   other   steps   as   needed. DEMONSTRATION    STEP Related  to  every  Navy  skill,  mental    or  physical,  is  a  body  of  background  knowledge  students must  know  to  perform  the  skill  properly.    You  can  best  teach  some  kinds  of  background knowledge  in  a  standard  classroom  with  adequate  provisions  for  comfortable  seating  and  for the   display   of   training   aids.   You   must   present   other   kinds   of   background   knowledge   by   actual demonstrations   conducted   in   laboratories. 55

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