understanding of the subject matter.
The lesson method involves the
use of training aids to support and
clarify the main teaching points of
your presentation. Follow the same
procedures used in the lecture with
audiovisuals method: prepare, plan
the timing of their use, and practice.
To strengthen the effect of training
aids, ask questions that require
students to analyze and evaluate
t o t h e a u d i o v i s u a l
materials. Your use of audiovisuals
with the lesson method dictates a
limited class size of between 5 and
40 students. Less than five presents
a problem in generating meaningful
o f p o o r v i s i b i l i t y of
training aids, more than 40 students
presents the problem of keeping
students actively involved in the
Because the lesson method of instructing is versatile, it may employ many different instructor
techniques. Regardless of the techniques used, the lesson method involves three basic elements:
the introduction, presentation, and review or summary. You have specific responsibilities for
In the introduction, you must create interest in your topic and establish why students need
to pay attention and learn the material. Begin by introducing yourself and telling about your
background experience with the topic.
Explain the objectives of the lesson and stress the
importance of the students being able to master them. Remember the laws of readiness and
effect as you prepare your students for learning. Motivation is the key. If you can help
students see how they will benefit from your training, you give them reason to pay attention and
learn. Get the students to share experiences that show why they need to learn the material.
That helps to establish their responsibility for learning. Ask questions to break down barriers
early in the training session.
Then establish ground rules by providing students with an
overview of what you expect of them and how you will conduct the lesson. Last, make a
smooth transition into your presentation.
The introduction only represents small amount of the time spent in a lesson, but its
importance cannot be overemphasized. Students will form their first impression of you during
your introduction. Since you only get one chance to make a first impression, make a good one.
Use the Introduction to get the attention of and to motivate every student in your class.