Quantcast Overuse of Abstractions

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Effective Communication Principles
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The Communication Process - 134t_44
However,  for  the  students  who  have  tasted  neither,  the  comparison  would  have  no  meaning. To  prevent  that  problem,  determine  student  experience  level  before  you  prepare  your  lesson. Then  check  for  understanding  as  you  use  examples  and  analogies  with  your  explanations. Overuse   Of   Abstractions Abstractions   are   concepts,   ideas,   or   words   that   are   not   directly   related   to   the   subject   being discussed.   To   avoid   confusion   you   should   speak   in   concrete   terms--be   specific.   Be   aware   of   the background  and  experience  level  of  your  students  and  use  appropriate  terms  and  examples. Remember,  you  will  normally  have  more  experience  in  the  subject  matter  than  any  of  your students,   so   you   have   the   responsibility   of   ensuring   understanding.   This   requires   that   you   not only  present  the  information,  but  also  that  you  check  to  ensure  the  students  understand  exactly what  you  intended. Fear Fear  may  be  one  of  the  greatest  barriers  to  effective  communication.  The  fear  of  showing ignorance,  fear  of  disapproval,  fear  of  losing  status,  and  fear  of  judgment  are  common  barriers. Many  times,  students  will  have  anxieties  or  fears  about  their  abilities.  Students  may  hesitate  to take   part   in   your   discussions   because   they   have   a   lack   of   confidence   and   are   afraid   they   will appear  ignorant.  That,  in  turn,  brings  about  a  fear  of  judgment  and  a  fear  of  losing  status  in front   of   their   peers. Try   to   understand   your   students’   fears.   Provide   a   threat-free   learning   environment   by   being encouraging   and   nonjudgmental   of   the   students.   Remember   how   long   it   took   you   to   learn   your subject   matter.   Take   the   time   to   recognize   the   individual   differences   in   your   students   so   that you  will  know  how  to  motivate  them. Since  you  have  control  of  the  class,  you  must  direct  the  class  energy  in  a  positive  direction. Do  not  allow  fellow  students  to  make  fun  of  or  exhibit  disapproval  of  a  struggling  student. Avoid  embarrassing  any  of  your  students  or  offending  human  values.  Follow  the  basic  principle of   motivation   by   giving   them   positive   feedback. Environmental    Factors Environmental   factors   such   as   noise   and   temperature   may   interfere   with   the   communication process.  Obviously,  noise  is  a  barrier  to  hearing  what  is  being  said.  If  students  are  overly  hot or  cold  it  may  be  difficult  from  them  to  listen  attentively.  However,  more  subtle  factors  may also   affect   the   communication   process.   The   color   of   the   walls,   uncomfortable   seats,   the   location of  pictures  or  illustrations,  and  the  arrangement  of  students  in  relation  to  the  instructor  may  all become   barriers   to   effective   communication. You  should  constantly  strive  to  identify  and  eliminate  barriers  to  effective  communication. Some   will   be   obvious   while   others   maybe   very   difficult   to   detect.   Your   awareness   of   barriers, along   with   a   knowledge   of   the   communication   process,   will   assist   you   in   communicating effectively. 33

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