Figure 4-7.Mooring swivel.
Clear Hawse Pendants
A clear hawse pendant is a wire rope pendant, 5 to
15 fathoms long, with a thimble at one end and a pelican
hook attached to a length of open-link chain fitted in a
thimble at the other end. This pendant is used to clear a
hawse fouled by the anchor chain. See figure 4-9.
A dip rope is a fiber or synthetic rope pendant, 14
to 36 fathoms long, fitted at one end with a thimble and
a dip shackle large enough to engage a link of the anchor
chain. A dip rope is used when mooring or clearing a
Chafing Chain or Pendant
A short length of chain and/or a wire rope pendant
is inserted between the anchor and the anchor buoy line.
This prevents the anchor buoy line from chafing on the
anchor and parting.
Anchor Chain Markings
The detachable links of anchor chains are painted
red, white, or blue as follows: red for 15 fathoms, white
for 30 fathoms, blue for 45 fathoms, red for 60 fathoms,
white for 75 fathoms, and so on.
At the 15-fathom mark, one link on each side of the
detachable link is painted white, and one turn of wire is
wrapped securely around each stud. At the 30-fathom
mark, two links on each side of the detachable link are
painted white, and two turns of wire are wrapped
around each of the last white studs. At 45 fathoms, three
links on each side of the detachable link are painted
white, and three turns of wire are wrapped around each
Figure 4-8.Cable jack.
Figure 4-9.Clear hawse pendant.