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Chapter 1 Watches
Seaman - Military manual for the Seaman rate
In-Port Watches
Each member of the crew is assigned to a watch section.  The  number  of  sections  varies  with  the  number of personnel assigned and the ship's commitment. When word is passed that the first section (or the second, and so on) has the watch, each member in that section reports to his or her assigned watch station. Watches must be relieved in ample time. Usually, this means 30 minutes before the next watch. This time difference  is  essential  so  the  relief  can  receive information and/or instructions from the person on watch. In the case of night lookouts, this extra time allows your eyes to adjust to night vision. When  reporting  directly  to  the  person  being relieved,  a  relief  should  say,  “I  AM  READY  TO RELIEVE YOU.” The person to be relieved then passes on to the relief any pertinent instructions or information relating to the proper standing of the watch. When the conditions and instructions are understood by the oncoming watch, he or she reports to the OOD, saying “I REQUEST TO ASSUME THE DUTIES OF (MESSENGER, PETTY OFFICER OF THE WATCH, ETC.).” The OOD may question the relief as to the instructions, and once satisfied, will grant permission. The offgoing watch then reports to the OOD that he or she has been properly relieved. CONDITIONS  OF  READINESS LEARNING   OBJECTIVES:   Identify   the conditions  of  readiness  aboard  ship.  Explain the duties of the messenger, including general rules and the handling of incoming messages. Six conditions of readiness govern the type of watch aboard ship. Following is a brief description of these  conditions  of  readiness. GENERAL   DEGREES CONDITION OF   READINESS WATCH 1st 2nd 2nd 2nd Special 3rd 3rd Complete readiness for immediate action I Temporary relaxation from 1st degree for rest and for meals at battle stations Readiness to conduct amphibious assault operations IE IA Readiness to conduct ASW operations Readiness for limited action Part of armament ready for immediate action, remainder on short notice Readiness to conduct ASW operations for prolonged periods with all sensors and control stations and some weapons manned IAS II IIAS GENERAL   DEGREES CONDITION OF   READINESS WATCH 4th Part of armament ready for immediate III action, remainder at prolonged notice 5th Peacetime cruising, no armament IV manned 6th In port, peacetime, no armament V manned DUTIES  OF  A  MESSENGER Most messenger duties are as messenger to the officer  of  the  deck,  commonly  called  the  OOD messenger. When given a message to deliver, be sure you know exactly where to go and what to say. When you arrive at your  destination,  repeat  the  message  in  the  exact  words that were told to you. Always carry the messages directly  and  quickly. Before returning to the sender to report delivery of the message, wait for a reply or until you are told there is none. MESSAGES Messages for the captain of the ship or the admiral should be delivered to the respective officer or to his or her orderly if one is assigned. Develop resourcefulness in tracking down people who are not easy to locate. Report your return to the officer of the deck; and if there was a delay in delivering the message, tell him why. GENERAL  RULES  FOR  A  MESSENGER The general rules for a messenger are as follows: 1. Be in the prescribed uniform of the day at all times. 2. Be attentive to all calls. 3. Deliver messages directly and quickly. Return at once to the sender and report the delivery of the message. 4. If unable to deliver a message, report this fact at once to the sender. 5. If you are sent to an officer's or chief petty officer's room, knock. Do not enter until you are told to do so. 6. Before going to meals or to the head, obtain permission  from  the  petty  officer  of  the  watch. 1-2

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