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Steering and Sailing Rules - 14067_141
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Seaman - Military manual for the Seaman rate
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Manuevering and Warning Signals
Overtaking  Situation Any vessel overtaking another must keep clear of the overtaken vessel. An overtaking vessel is one that is approaching another vessel from any direction more than 22.5° abaft its beam (fig. 5-16). When in doubt, assume  you  are  overtaking  and  act  accordingly. GENERAL   DEFINITIONS Before we continue with our discussion of basic rules of the road, you must first understand the terms we will use. They are as follows: Vessel  includes  every  description  of  watercraft, including  nondisplacement  craft  and  seaplanes  used,  or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water. Power-driven  vessel  means  any  vessel  propelled  by machinery. Sailing vessel means any vessel under sail, provided that propelling machinery, if fitted, is not being used. Give-way vessel refers to a power-driven vessel underway having another vessel to starboard, thus “giving-way” or allowing the other vessel to pass in an overtaking  situation. Figure  5-16.–Overtaking  situation. Stand-on vessel refers to any power-driven vessel in a crossing situation close enough to involve risk of collision;  the  vessel  having  the  other  to  starboard  must keep out of the way, or “stand-on,” not crossing ahead of the other vessel. Vessel engaged in fishing means any vessel fishing with nets, lines, trawls, or other fishing apparatus that restricts  maneuverability,  but  does  not  include  a  vessel fishing with trolling lines or other fishing apparatus that does  not  restrict  maneuverability. Seaplane   includes   any   aircraft   designed   to maneuver on the water. Vessel not under command means a vessel that, through  some  exceptional  circumstance,  is  unable  to maneuver as required by these rules and is, therefore, unable to keep out of the way of another vessel. Vessel restricted in its ability to maneuver means a vessel that, from the nature of its work, is restricted in its ability to maneuver as required by these rules and is, therefore, unable to keep out of the way of another vessel. Vessel constrained by its draft  means a power- driven vessel that, because of its draft in relation to the available depth of water, is severely restricted in its ability to deviate from the course it is following (International  Rules  only). Underway  means that a vessel is not at anchor, made fast to the shore, or aground. Length  and  breadth  of a vessel mean its length overall,  and  greatest  beam  or  width. In sight means vessels are deemed to be in sight of one another only when one can be seen from the other. Restricted visibility means any condition in which visibility is restricted by fog, mist, falling snow, heavy rainstorms,  sandstorms,  or  any  other  similar  causes. Inland waters means the navigable waters of the United   States   shoreward   of   the   navigational demarcation lines dividing the high seas from harbors, rivers, and other such bodies of waters of the United States, and the waters of the Great Lakes of the United States'  side  of  the  international  boundary. Demarcation lines means the lines delineating those waters upon which mariners must comply with the 72 COLREGS and those waters upon which mariners must comply  with  the  Inland  Navigation  Rules.  (The boundaries for the demarcation lines are listed in the back  of  the  Coast  Guard  publication  Navigation  Rules, International-Inland.) 5-20

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