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Appendix I Glossary: A
Seaman - Military manual for the Seaman rate
Glossary: B - C
ANCHOR BUOY-A small float secured to the anchor by a light line to mark the position of the anchor. ANCHOR CHAIN-A heavy stud-linked chain used for anchoring  ships. ANCHOR  DETAIL-Personnel   on   the   forecastle assigned  to  handle  ground  tackle. ANCHOR IN SIGHT-A report made by the anchor detail on the forecastle to the bridge when the anchor   is   sighted.   Followed   by   “CLEAR ANCHOR”  or  “FOUL  ANCHOR,”  depending  on whether the anchor is clear for hoisting to the housed  position. ANCHOR  LIGHTS-Lights required by Rules of the Road  indicating  that  a  vessel  is  anchored. ANCHOR WATCH-A detail of Seamen who stand watch on deck.  Those not on watch sleep in assigned places and are on call throughout the night for such duties as deemed necessary by the officer of the deck. ANCHORAGE-A   place   assigned   for   anchoring vessels. ANCHORS  AWEIGH-An expression used to report that an anchor has just been lifted clear of the water. The ship bears the weight of the anchor and is considered  to  be  underway. ARMAMENT -The weapons or weapons systems of a ship. ARMOR-PIERCING (AP )-Ammunition  especially designed  to  penetrate  armor. ARMORY-A  compartment  aboard  ship  where  small arms and light machine guns are serviced and stowed. ASSAULT CRAFT-A    landing    craft    used    in amphibious   operations. ASTERN -Toward the back or after end of a ship. AVAST-An  order  to  stop  or  cease,  as  “AVAST HEAVING.” AYE, AYE-A   seamanlike   reply   to   an   order   or instruction signifying that the order is heard and understood. BACK-To reverse engines so that a ship may be stopped or made to go astern, that is, “BACK DOWN.” BAIL-(1) To dip water out of a boat. (2) A V-shaped support  at  midpoint,  which,  in  turn,  provides support at each end (as the bail of a gangway). (3) The handle of a bucket. BALLAST-Weight added to a ship to ensure stability. BARGE-(1) A large, scow-type craft usually propelled by towing or pushing. (2) A motorboat assigned for the personal use of a flag officer. BATTEN DOWN-To cover and fasten down. To make a  hatch  watertight  for  heavy  seas. BATTLE DRESS-The manner of wearing a uniform for general quarters; that is, bloused trousers, shirt buttoned up completely, wearing appropriate head gear,  and  belt  buckles  reversed  or  removed. BATTLE  LANTERN-A  battery-powered  electric lantern  for  emergency  use. BATTLE  LIGHTS-Dim red lights below decks for required  illumination  during  night  and  “darken ship”  periods. BEAM-The greatest width of a ship. BEARING-The  direction  of  an  object  from  the observer, expressed in three figures from 000$ clockwise through 360$. True bearing is measured from true north. Magnetic bearing is measured from the magnetic north. Relative bearing is measured from the bow of a ship or aircraft. BEARING  CIRCLE-A ring fitted over a compass bowl or repeater with which bearings can be taken by  sighting  through  vanes. BELAY-(1) To make fast or secure a line. (2) To cancel an order. (3) To cease. BERTH-(1) An anchorage or mooring space assigned to a ship. (2) A sleeping place assigned to a crew member  on  board  ship. BIGHT-A loop of line or chain. BILGE-The inside bottom of a ship or boat. BILL-Assignments   by   name   for   administrative, training, or emergency duties, that is, rescue and assistance  (R&A)  bill. BITTER END-The free end of a length of line, wire, chain,  or  cable. BITTS-A pair of heavy metal posts, fastened in a vertical position on deck to which mooring lines are secured. BLOCK-A device made of a pulley encased in a shell, over which a line can run freely. AI-2

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