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Glossary: P - S
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Seaman - Military manual for the Seaman rate
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SHOT-A  length  of  anchor  chain,  when  joined  with others,  which  makes  up  the  anchor  cable.  A  standard shot  is  15  fathoms  long. SHOT  LINE-A  light  nylon  line  used  in  a  line-throwing gun. SIDE  LIGHT-Any one of the colored lights, red (port) and  green  (starboard),  required  by  the  Rules  of  the Road  to  be  shown  by  a  vessel  underway. SILENCE-The command given by any member of a weapons crew who observes a serious casualty or situation  that  requires  immediate  attention. SINGLE  UP-The  command  given  before  unmooring  a ship from a pier or wharf. To take in all double sections of line between the ship and the pier, leaving the vessel moored only by a single line to the  bitts. SLACK-(1) To ease out a line. (2) The loose part of a line that takes no strain. SLUSH-(1)  The  act  of  applying  preservative  to  a  line or  wire.  (2)  The  preservative  substance  so  applied. SMALL   STUFF-A  general  term  for  any  fiber  line  less than  1  3/4  inches  in  circumference. SNAKING -Netting  rigged  between  the  housing  line  or footrope and the waterway bar to prevent objects on deck  from  going  overboard. SNATCH  BLOCK-A  single-sheaved  block  with  a hinged  strap,  which  can  be  quickly  opened  to  take the bight of a line, making it unnecessary to reeve the end of the line through the block. A great convenience  for  handling  line  on  deck. SNUB-To  stop  the  payout  of  a  running  line,  allowing only  enough  movement  so  it  will  not  part. SOPA-Abbreviation  for  senior  officer  present  afloat. SPAN-(1) A line made fast at both ends with a tackle, line,  or  fitting  made  fast  to  its  bight.  (2)  Wire  rope stretched  between  davit  heads  to  which  lifelines  are secured. SPAN  WIRE-The  steel  cables  between  ships  during underway  replenishment  that  supports  the  fuel  hose, or  by  which  cargo  is  transferred. SPAR BUOY-Type  of  buoy  tapered  at  one  end,  floating upright. SPECIAL  SEA  AND  ANCHOR  DETAIL-Those personnel  assigned  duties  in  connection  with getting  underway,  mooring,  or  anchoring-normally when  entering  or  leaving  port. SPRING  LINE-Any  mooring  line  that  does  not  lead  at right  angles  with  the  ship  or  pier  to  which  moored. SQUALL-A    short    intense    windstorm,    often accompanied  by  rain  or  snow. SQUARE  AWAY-(1)   To   straighten   out,   make shipshape,  or  to  get  settled  in  a  new  job.  (2)  To inform  someone  in  an  abrupt  manner. STADIMETER -An  instrument  for  measuring  distance to  objects  of  known  height  by  mechanical  solution of  a  right  angle.  Commonly  used  to  measure distance  to  other  ships  in  formation. STANCHION -(1)  Any  vertical  metal  post  or  column supporting  the  overhead.  (2)  Any  similar  device supporting  handrails,  manropes,  or  lifelines. STAND  BY-(1)  To  wait.  (2)  To  substitute  for  someone who  has  the  duty.  (3)  A  preparatory  expression,  e.g., stand  by:  take  in  all  lines. STANDING   LIGHTS-The  dim,  red  lights  throughout a ship's interior to enable the crew to move about safely  after  lights  out.  They  are  red  because  that color  least  impairs  night  vision. STARBOARD -Directional term for right, as opposed to  port,  which  means  left. STATION -(1) To assign. (2) A post of duty, as a battle station.  (3)  A  position  in  formation  of  ships.  (4)  A naval  activity. STAY-A wire supporting a mast fore and aft. STEADY-An order to the helmsman, meaning to steady the ship on whatever heading the ship comes to. STERN  FAST-A stern line used to secure a boat. STERN   HOOK-A member of a boat's crew who stands aft  and  makes  the  boat's  stern  secure. STOW-To put away or secure articles in a space aboard ship. SWAB-The  Navy  equivalent  of  a  mop.  (Never  called  a mop.) TACKLE-The arrangement of line and blocks to gain a  mechanical  advantage. TAG  LINE-A  line  used  to  steady  a  load  being  swung in or out. Also called a steadying line. TAKE A TURN-To pass a line around a cleat or bitts. Usually followed by an order to hold it, check it, or ease it. AI-9

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