engine room, assuring and informing the conning
officer that all bells are answered properly.
Although port and starboard are never used in
orders to the helmsman, they are used when giving
orders to the operator of the engine order telegraph.
Stated first is the engine affected, then the direction in
which the handle is to be moved, followed by the speed
desired; for example, PORT ENGINE AHEAD
TWO-THIRDS, ALL ENGINES STOP, and
"PORT ENGINE BACK ONE-THIRD." Note that all
is specified instead of both, because both could sound
like port. Back is specified instead of astern, to avoid
the confusion of astern with ahead.
To make sure you have heard your order correctly,
repeat it aloud distinctly before you operate; thus,
STARBOARD ENGINE AHEAD TWO-THIRDS,
SIR. When the answer appears on the pointer from
below, sing it out: STARBOARD ENGINE
ANSWERS AHEAD TWO-THIRDS, SIR. The
conning officer may order a specific rpm, for example;
your reply then would be ALL ENGINES AHEAD
FLANK, 121 RPM INDICATED AND ANSWERED
The fog watch is stationed in fog or reduced
visibility. The watch is stood in those locations where
approaching ships can best be seen or heard. Usually it
is stood on the forecastle all the way forward, at a place
commonly called the eyes of the ship. It is the duty of
the fog lookouts to stand an alert watch to detect by
either hearing fog signals or actually sighting
approaching ships or craft or channel buoys. The fog
lookout must be in direct communication with the OOD
and is normally assisted by a phone talker because the
fog lookout's heading must not be impaired by the
wearing of sound-powered telephones.
The ready lifeboat is likely to be a motor whaleboat,
griped in a strongback between the davits and ready for
lowering. Usually one boat on either side is prepared in
this manner. The leeward boat is the one you will use if
you have to lower away.
Although lifeboat watches are not necessarily
required to be on station at the lifeboat, crews should
always be designated when at sea and be mustered as
required. The Boatswain's Mate of the watch or the boat
coxswain will tell you what your duties are-whether
manning the boat, lowering, clearing falls, or so on. If
you are not told, ask! Handling the lifeboat is important,
often dangerous work demanding expert knowledge on
the part of every member.
LOOKOUT AND SOUND-POWERED-
TELEPHONE TALKER WATCHES
Lookout duties are discussed in Basic Military
Requirements, NAVEDTRA 10054-F. Telephone talker
procedures also are covered in it and in the Sound-
Powered Telephone Talkers Manual, NAVEDTRA
14005-A. Another text covering lookout duties is the
Lookout Training Handbook, NAVEDTRA 12968.
Sky and surface lookouts man the appropriate
lookout stations and perform duties according to the
ship's lookout doctrine. Lookouts are relieved at least
hourly. They are under the direct supervision of the
OOD, but are trained in their duties by the CIC officer.
The Navigation Rules, International Inland requires
that every vessel maintain a proper lookout by sight and
hearing at all times.
The life buoy/after lookout watch is located at the
designated station aft. If assigned, you will have a life
ring with distress marker light attached and at least two
pyrotechnic smoke floats in your possession, and will
maintain an alert watch for persons overboard. Also, you
will man sound-powered phones and will check
communication with the bridge at least every half hour.
During conditions of low visibility, this watch will be
augmented by another person who will be the phone
If assigned as bridge sound-powered-telephone
talker, you will man either the JV or JL/JS circuits. The
JV talker must be familiar with all other stations on the
circuit and relay all orders from the OOD to these
stations, including paralleling all orders to the engine
order telegraph. Also, the talker relays all information
from these stations to the OOD.
The JL/JS talker must be familiar with all other
stations on the circuit and relay all orders from the OOD
to these stations. The talker keeps the OOD informed of
all information coming over the circuit.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Explain how time
is computed in the Navy, the different kinds of
times zones, and how to convert Greenwich
mean time to local time, and local time to
Greenwich mean time.
For time computations, the surface of Earth is
divided into 24 zones, each consisting of 15 degrees.