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Orders to the Helmsman -Continued
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Time Zone Chart of the World
engine room, assuring and informing the conning officer that all bells are answered properly. Although port and starboard are never used in orders to the helmsman, they are used when giving orders to the operator of the engine order telegraph. Stated first is the engine affected, then the direction in which the handle is to be moved, followed by the speed desired;  for  example,   “PORT  ENGINE  AHEAD TWO-THIRDS, ”   “ALL   ENGINES   STOP,”   and "PORT  ENGINE  BACK  ONE-THIRD."  Note  that  all is specified instead of both, because both could sound like port. Back is specified instead of astern, to avoid the confusion of astern with ahead. To make sure you have heard your order correctly, repeat it aloud distinctly before you operate; thus, “STARBOARD  ENGINE  AHEAD  TWO-THIRDS, SIR.” When the answer appears on the pointer from below,   sing   it   out:   “STARBOARD    ENGINE ANSWERS  AHEAD  TWO-THIRDS,  SIR.”  The conning officer may order a specific rpm, for example; your reply then would be “ALL ENGINES AHEAD FLANK,  121  RPM  INDICATED  AND  ANSWERED FOR, SIR!” FOG WATCH The  fog  watch  is  stationed  in  fog  or  reduced visibility. The watch is stood in those locations where approaching ships can best be seen or heard. Usually it is stood on the forecastle all the way forward, at a place commonly called the eyes of the ship. It is the duty of the fog lookouts to stand an alert watch to detect by either   hearing   fog   signals   or   actually   sighting approaching ships or craft or channel buoys. The fog lookout must be in direct communication with the OOD and is normally assisted by a phone talker because the fog lookout's heading must not be impaired by the wearing of sound-powered telephones. LIFEBOAT WATCH The ready lifeboat is likely to be a motor whaleboat, griped in a strongback between the davits and ready for lowering. Usually one boat on either side is prepared in this manner. The leeward boat is the one you will use if you have to lower away. Although lifeboat watches are not necessarily required to be on station at the lifeboat, crews should always be designated when at sea and be mustered as required. The Boatswain's Mate of the watch or the boat coxswain will tell you what your duties are-whether manning the boat, lowering, clearing falls, or so on. If you are not told, ask! Handling the lifeboat is important, often  dangerous  work  demanding  expert  knowledge  on the  part  of  every  member. LOOKOUT AND SOUND-POWERED- TELEPHONE  TALKER  WATCHES Lookout duties are discussed in Basic Military Requirements,  NAVEDTRA  10054-F.  Telephone  talker procedures also are covered in it and in the Sound- Powered Telephone Talkers’ Manual, NAVEDTRA 14005-A. Another text covering lookout duties is the Lookout  Training  Handbook,  NAVEDTRA  12968. Sky and surface lookouts man the appropriate lookout stations and perform duties according to the ship's lookout doctrine. Lookouts are relieved at least hourly. They are under the direct supervision of the OOD, but are trained in their duties by the CIC officer. The Navigation Rules, International Inland requires that every vessel maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing  at  all  times. The life buoy/after lookout watch is located at the designated station aft. If assigned, you will have a life ring  with  distress  marker  light  attached  and  at  least  two pyrotechnic smoke floats in your possession, and will maintain an alert watch for persons overboard. Also, you will  man  sound-powered  phones  and  will  check communication  with  the  bridge  at  least  every  half  hour. During conditions of low visibility, this watch will be augmented by another person who will be the phone talker. If  assigned  as  bridge  sound-powered-telephone talker, you will man either the JV or JL/JS circuits. The JV talker must be familiar with all other stations on the circuit and relay all orders from the OOD to these stations, including paralleling all orders to the engine order telegraph. Also, the talker relays all information from these stations to the OOD. The JL/JS talker must be familiar with all other stations on the circuit and relay all orders from the OOD to these stations. The talker keeps the OOD informed of all  information  coming  over  the  circuit. TIME LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Explain how time is computed in the Navy, the different kinds of times zones, and how to convert Greenwich mean time to local time, and local time to Greenwich  mean  time. For time computations, the surface of Earth is divided into 24 zones, each consisting of 15 degrees. 1-7

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