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Mooring Lines
Seaman - Military manual for the Seaman rate
Block and Tackle
Table 4-2.–Orders to Line Handlers COMMAND MEANING PASS ONE Send line number one over to the pier. Place the eye over the bollard or cleat but do not (or NUMBER ONE) take a strain, SLACK (slack off) THE BOW LINE    Pay out the line specified, allowing it to form an easy bight (NUMBER ONE) TAKE A STRAIN ON ONE (or NUMBER ONE) Put  number  one  line  under  tension TAKE IN SLACK ON THREE (or NUMBER THREE) Heave in on number three line but do not take a strain EASE THREE AVAST HEAVING CHECK THREE HOLD TWO DOUBLE UP AND SECURE SINGLE UP STAND  BY  YOUR  LINES TAKE IN ONE (or NUMBER ONE) CAST OFF Pay out number three line enough to remove most of the tension Stop  heaving  (taking  in) Hold number three line, and allow only enough of it to render around the bitts to prevent the  line  from  parting Take enough turns so that number two line will not slip In addition to single part of a mooring line at each bitt, a bight of line is passed to the pier or other ship which gives three parts of line holding the ship Take in all lines but a single standing part to each station (preparatory to getting underway) Man the lines, get ready to cast off or moor Retrieve line number one after it has been cast off. When used by the conning officer it means to slack one, cast it off, and then pull it aboard. When used by the officer in charge on the forecastle, it is preceded by the command slack one, cast one and cast off one and means merely to retrieve line one and bring it back on deck A command to those tending the mooring lines on the pier or on another ship to disengage or throw off the lines from over the bollards or cleats mooring lines are called either breast lines or spring lines. They are called bow, waist, or quarter breasts and springs, depending on the part of the ship from which they are run. Breast lines are run at right angles to the keel and prevent a ship from moving away from the pier. Spring lines leading forward away from the ship at an angle are forward (bow, waist, or quarter) springs. Those leading aft are after (bow, waist, quarter) springs. To  prevent  confusion  and  to  increase  the  efficiency of line handling, lines are numbered from fore to aft, according to the position where they are secured aboard ship. In securing alongside a dock, wharf, or pier, special attention  must  be  paid  to  the  tide  conditions.  When securing at low tide, leave ample slack in the lines to ensure that, at high tide they will not part or cause the ship to list to a dangerous degree. ORDERS TO PERSONNEL AT THE LINES When  you  are  handling  mooring  lines,  it  is important  to  observe  all  safety  precautions  and  to  make sure all personnel stay clear of bights of line. All lines are broken out and faked on deck in ample time before sea  and  anchor  detail. Depending on the class of ship, there is usually a first class petty officer or chief who is in charge of the fantail.  The  leading  Boatswain's  Mate  and  first lieutenant  take  charge  of  the  forecastle. Table 4-2 lists some of the orders to personnel assigned at the lines, with an explanation of each. 4-43

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