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Making Up a Line
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Seaman - Military manual for the Seaman rate
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Fairleads, Kinks, and Twists
Figure 3-5.–Partially flemished line. 80.23 (fig. 3-5). Right-laid line is laid down clockwise; left-laid line, counterclockwise. SECURING ENDS LEARNING   OBJECTIVE:   Explain   the procedures for securing ends of lines. Identify the difference between a temporary whipping and a permanent whipping of a line. Never leave the end of a line dangling loose without a whipping to prevent it from unlaying. The end of line will begin to unlay of its own accord. To prevent fraying, you should put a temporary plain whipping on with anything, even a rope yarn, as shown in figure 3-6. Lay the end of the whipping along the line and bind it down with a couple of turns. Then lay the other end on the opposite way, bind it with a couple of turns from the bight of the whipping, and pull your end tight. A permanent whipping is put on with a palm and needle (see the section on Seaman's Tools in this chapter). Thread a needle with sail twine, double it (figure 3-7 shows single twine for clearness only), and shove it through the middle of a strand so it comes out between two strands on the other side. Bind the end down with six or eight turns wound on from inboard toward the end, and again shove the needle through the middle of a strand near the end so it comes out between two strands again. Then go up and down between strands so as to place a cross-seizing between each pair, as in figure 3-7. Pull each cross-seizing taut before taking the next one, and have the needle come out through the middle of a strand on the last shove through, so the strand will hold the end after you cut the sail. Remember, you must wind the turns of whipping from the line toward the end; otherwise, the needle will come out at the wrong side of the whipping after you make the final cross-seizing. When you cut a line, it is best to put on the whipping before cutting the line. Ends of small stuff can be laid up with a palm and needle whipping. Several pieces of ropework start from a crown knot, so now is the best time for you to learn to tie a crown. Figure 3-8 diagrams the steps in making one. After you haul down the crown taut by heaving on each of the Figure 3-6.–Plain whipping a line. 3-8

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