GLOSSARY OF WORDS AND PHRASES
The following words and phrases are those most frequently encountered in
military justice that have special connotations in military law. The list is by no means
complete. It is designed solely as a ready reference for the meaning of certain words
and phrases. Where it has been necessary to explain a word or phrase in the language
of or in relation to a rule of law, no attempt has been made to set forth a definitive
or comprehensive statement of such rule of law.
ABANDONED PROPERTYProperty to which the
owner has relinquished all rights, title, claims, and
possession with intention of not reclaiming it or
resuming ownership, possession, or enjoyment.
ABETTo encourage, incite, or set another on to
commit a crime, Article 77, UCMJ.
ACCESSORY AFTER THE FACTAny person
subject to the Code who, knowing that an offense
punishable by the Code has been committed,
receives, comforts, or assists the offender in order
to hinder or prevent the offenders apprehension,
trial or punishment.
NOTE: Article 78, UCMJ,
deals with accessories.
ACCESSORY BEFORE THE FACTOne who
counsels, commands, procures, or causes another to
commit an offense-whether present or absent at
the commission of the offense. NOTE: Under
Article 77, UCMJ, an accessory before the fact is a
ACCUSATIONA formal charge against a person, to
the effect that the person is guilty of a punishable
offense, laid before a court having jurisdiction to
inquire into the alleged crime.
ACCUSEDOne who is charged with an offense
under the Code.
ACCUSERAny person who signs and swears to
charges; any person who directs that charges
normally be signed and sworn to by another; and
any other person who has an interest other than an
official interest in the prosecution of the accused.
ACQUITTALThe legal and formal certification of
the innocence of a person who has been charged
with a crime; a deliverance or setting free a person
from a charge of guilt.
ACTIVE DUTYThe status of being in the active
federal service of any of the armed forces under a
competent appointment or enlistment or pursuant to
a competent muster, order, call, or induction.
ACTUAL KNOWLEDGEA state wherein the
person in fact knows of the existence of an order,
regulation, fact, and so forth, in question.
ADDITIONAL CHARGESNew and separate
charges preferred after others have been preferred
against the accused while the original charges are
AD HOCFor this; for this special purpose.
AD INTERIMIn the meantime. An officer ad
interim is one appointed to fill a temporary
ADJOURNMENTThe putting off or postponing of
a trial until a stated time or indefinitely; a cessation
of the proceedings for a period extending beyond
the same day.
ADJUDICATETo determine whether a claim is
proper and decide what amount, if any, should be
paid the claimant.
ADMINISTRATIVE BOARDA board appointed to
render findings based on facts pertaining, or
believed to pertain, in a case and to recommend
retention, separation, or suspension of separation,
and the reason for separation and the
characterization of service or description of
ADMINISTRATIVE SEPARATIONA discharge
or release from active duty upon expiration of
enlistment or required period of service, or before,
by administrative means and not by a court-martial.