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Appendix II Glossary of Words and Phrases
Legalman 3 & 2 - Navy Lawyer / Jag training guide manuals
Glossary -Continued: B - C
ADMIRALTY—That   body   of   law   and   regulation dealing with civil maritime cases. ADMISSION—A  self-incriminatory  statement  falling short of a complete acknowledgement of guilt. AD VALOREM—According to value; ad valorem tax is a tax or duty upon the value of the article or thing subject  to  taxation. AFFIANT—The  person  who  makes  and  subscribes  an affidavit. AFFIDAVIT—A statement or declaration reduced to writing and confined by the party making it by an oath taken before a person who has authority to administer the oath. AGENT—A person authorized by another to act for that person. One entrusted with another’s business. AIDER   AND   ABETTOR—One   who   shares   the criminal intent or purpose of a perpetrator, and hence is liable as a principal, Article 77, UCMJ. ALIBI—A defense that the accused could not have committed the offense alleged because the accused was  somewhere  else  when  the  crime  was committed. ALLEGATION—The  assertion,  declaration,  or statement of a party in a pleading of what the party expects to prove. ALLEGE—To assert or state in a pleading; to plead in a  specification. ALL  WRITS  ACT—A  federal  statue,  28  U.S.C.  § 1651(a)   (1982),   that   empowers   all   courts established  by  Act  of  Congress,  including  the  Court of Military Appeals, to issue such extraordinary writs as are necessary or appropriate in aid of their respective jurisdictions and agreeable to the usage and  principles  of  law. APPEAL—A  complaint  to  a  superior  court  of  an injustice done or error committed by an inferior court  whose  judgment  or  decision  the  court  above is  called  upon  to  correct  or  reverse.  See  Appellate Review. APPELLANT—The party who takes an appeal from one court or jurisdiction to another. APPELLATE   REVIEW—The   examination   of   the records  of  cases  tried  by  courts-martial  by  proper reviewing authorities, including, in appropriate cases, the convening authority, the Court of Military Review, the Court of Military Appeals, the U.S. Supreme  Court,  and  the  Judge  Advocate  General. AII-2 APPREHENSION—The   taking   of   a   person   into custody. APPROVED   FINDINGS   OF   AN   ADMINI- STRATIVE   BOARD—Final   approval   of   the findings of an administrative board rests with the separation authority and, unless the separation authority modifies the   findings and recommendation,   approval   of   the   board’s recommendations   as   to   characterization   or separation, or both, constitutes approval of such findings  and  recommendations. ARBITRATION—The act of determining a decision in a controversy by a disinterested third party. ARRAIGNMENT—The reading of the charge(s) and specification(s) to the accused or the waiver of their reading, coupled with the request that the accused plead thereto. ARREST—Moral  restraint  imposed  upon  a  person  by oral  or  written  orders  of  competent  authority limiting  the  person’s  personal  liberty  pending disposition  of  charges.    Arrest is not imposed as p u n i s h m e n t    f o r    a n    o f f e n s e . ARREST  IN  QUARTERS—A  moral  restraint  limiting an  officer’s  liberty,  imposed  as  a  nonjudicial punishment by a flag or general officer in command. ARTICLE 15—The Article of the UCMJ that grants the power  of  a  commander  to  impose  nonjudicial punishment. ARTICLE   32   INVESTIGATION—See   Pretrial Investigation. ARTICLE   39a   SESS1ON—A   session   of   a court-martial called by the military judge, either before  or  after  assembly  of  the  court,  without  the members  of  the  court  being  present,  to  dispose  of matters not amounting to a trial of the accused’s guilt or innocence. ASPORTATION—A   carrying   away;   felonious removal of goods; refers to one of the ways in which larceny   under   Article   121,   UCMJ,   may   be committed. ASSAULT—An attempt or offer with unlawful force or violence to do bodily harm to another, whether or not the attempt or offer is consummated, Article 128,  UCMJ. ASSEMBLED—A  court  is  said  to  be  assembled  when its  preliminary  organization  is  complete,  the members have gathered in the courtroom, and the presiding  officer  announces  the  court  assembled.

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