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Glossary -Continued: C - D
Legalman 3 & 2 - Navy Lawyer / Jag training guide manuals
Glossary -Continued: E - G
administer  oaths,  in  answer  to  interrogatories (questions)  and  cross-interrogatories  submitted  by the  parties  desiring  the  deposition  and  the  opposite party, or based on oral examination by counsel for the  accused  and  the  prosecution. DERELICTION  IN  THE  PERFORMANCE  OF DUTIES—Willfully   or   negligently   failing   to perform assigned duties or performing them in a culpably  inefficient  manner. DESIGN—On purpose, intentionally, or according to plan and not merely through carelessness or by accident;  specifically  intended. DESTROY—Sufficient   injury   to   render   property useless for the purpose that it was intended, not necessarily amounting to complete demolition or annihilation. DETENTION   OF   PAY—A   less   severe   form   of punishment than a forfeiture in that the amount detained is ultimately returned to the accused when the  accused  is  separated  from  service,  or  within  a specific period of 1 year or less. DIRECT EVIDENCE—Evidence that tends directly to prove or disprove a fact in issue. DISCHARGE—Complete  severance  from  all  naval status  gained  by  the  enlistment  or  induction concerned. DISCOVERY—The   right   to   examine   information dissscsscd by the opposing side before or during trial. DISHONORABLE  DISCHARGE—The  most  severe punitive  discharge;   reserved  for  those  warrant officers  (W-1)  and  enlisted  members  who  should  be separated under conditions of dishonor, after having been  convicted  of  serious  offenses  of  a  civil  or military  nature  warranting  severe  punishment;  it may be awarded only by a GCM. DISMISSAL.—A   court-martial   punishment   of separation from the service with dishonor. Only officers,  commissioned  warrant  officers,  cadets, and midshipmen may receive a dismissal and it can only be awarded by a GCM. It is considered the equivalent of a dishonorable discharge. DISORDERLY   CONDUCT—Behavior   of   such   a nature as to affect the peace and quiet of persons who  may  witness  the  same  and  who  may  be disturbed  or  provoked  to  resentment  thereby. DISRESPECT—Words,  acts,  or  omissions  that  are synonymous with contempt and amount to behavior or language that detracts from the respect due the authority and person of a superior. DOCUMENTARY  EVIDENCE—Evidence  supplied by  writings  and  documents. DOMINION—Control  of  property;  possession  of property with the ability to exercise control over it. DRUNKENNESS—(1) As an offense under the UCMJ, intoxication that is sufficient sensibly to impair the rational and full exercise of the mental and physical faculties that may be caused by liquor or drugs; (2) as a defense in rebuttal of the existence of a criminal element  involving  premeditation,  specific  intent,  or knowledge,  intoxication  that  amounts  to  a  loss  of reason preventing the accused from harboring the requisite   premeditation,   specific   intent,   or knowledge;  (3)  as  a  defense  to  general  intent offenses, involuntary intoxication that amounts to a loss of reason preventing the accused from knowing the nature of his or her act or the natural and probable  consequence  thereof. DUE   PROCESS—A   course   of   legal   proceedings according  to  those  rules  and  principles  that  have been  established  in  our  system  of  jurisprudence  for the  enforcement  and  protection  of  private  rights; such  an  exercise  of  the  powers  of  the  government as the settled maxims of law permit and sanction, and under such safeguards for the protection of individual  rights  as  those  maxims  prescribe. DURESS—Unlawful  constraint  on  a  person  whereby the person is forced to do some act that he or she otherwise would not have done. DYING DECLARATION—A statement by a victim, concerning  the  circumstances  surrounding  his  or her death, made while in extremis and while under a sense of impending death and without hope of recovery. ELEMENTS—The  essential  ingredients  of  an  offense that are to be proved at the trial; the acts or omissions that form the basis of any particular offense, ENLISTED   PERFORMANCE   EVALUATION SYSTEM—The  formal  servicewide  rating  system used to record an individual’s fitness for service, performance  of  duties,  and  conduct  based  on alphanumerical  scores  accumulated  in  the  formal servicewide  rating  system.  The  performance  and conduct scores of an individual as recorded during the current enlistment are used in determining the characterization   of   service   and   reenlistment eligibility. AII-6

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