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CHAPTER  13 ADMINISTRATIVE INVESTIGATIONS Almost   every   LN   will   have   contact   with   an administrative fact-finding body, commonly called a JAGMAN   investigation.    The regulations that govern these  investigations  are  contained  in  the  Manual  of  the Judge Advocate General  (JAGMAN)  and  JAGINST 5830.1.  The  primary  purpose  of  an  administrative fact-finding body is to provide the convening authority (CA)   and   reviewing   authorities   with   adequate information  upon  which  to  base  decisions. In  so providing  the  CA,  an  administrative  fact-finding  body searches  out,  develops,  assembles,  analyzes,  and records all available information about the matter under investigation. As  the  name  indicates,  these investigations  are  purely  administrative  in  nature—not judicial.   The   investigation   is   advisory   only;   the opinions are not final determinations or legal judgments, nor are the recommendations made by the investigating officer (IO) binding upon the convening or reviewing authorities. TYPES OF INVESTIGATIONS There  are  three  types  of  administrative  fact-finding bodies  (courts  of  inquiry,  fact-finding  bodies  required  to conduct a hearing, and fact-finding bodies not required to   conduct   a   hearing);   however,   for   purposes   of procedures, there are only two types of fact-finding bodies. 1. Fact-finding   bodies   required   to   conduct   a hearing. These   include   courts   of   inquiry   and investigations required to conduct a hearing. A court of inquiry consists of at least three commissioned officers and appointed legal counsel for the court. It is convened by written appointing order, takes all testimony under oath,  and  records  all  proceedings  verbatim.  A  court  of inquiry has the power to subpoena civilian witnesses. A fact-finding  body  required  to  conduct  a  hearing  consists of  one  or  more  commissioned  officers  and  should  have appointed  legal  counsel  for  the  proceedings.  It  is convened by a written appointing order. The appointing order should direct that all testimony be taken under oath and/or  all  proceedings  recorded  verbatim.  A  collateral function of a court of inquiry and a fact-finding body required to conduct a hearing is to provide a hearing to individuals who have been designated as parties to the investigation. 2. Fact-finding bodies not required to conduct a hearing.  This  category  includes  only  the  investigation not requiring a hearing. It is normally composed of a single  investigator  who  obtains  statements,  rather  than taking testimony, and who is not authorized to designate parties. The  importance  of  an  administrative  fact-finding body  cannot  be  stressed  enough.  It  is  not  only  an efficient management tool, but also can be used in a wide variety of situations ranging from the proper disposition of claims to the timely and accurate reply to public inquiry.  Various  directives  establish  requirements  for conducting  of  inquiries  into  specific  matters.  The JAGMAN,  however,  is  the  most  inclusive.  Some incidents  involve  conducting  an  inquiry  for  several different  purposes  that  can  be  handled  by  one investigation; others may not. A CA must be careful to determine why an investigation is being conducted, who is supposed to conduct it, and whether it will satisfy all requirements or only a portion of them. The following situations are examples of the various different types of investigations: l l l l l s l l l l l c l Aircraft  accidents Vehicle  accidents Explosions Stranding of a ship of the Navy Collisions Accidental or intentional flooding of a ship Fires Loss or excess of government funds or property Claims  for  or  against  the  government Reservists  (an  investigation  is  required  if  a reservist is injured or killed while performing active duty or training for 30 days or less, or inactive-duty  training) Admiralty  matters Firearm  accidents Pollution  incidents 13-1

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