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Glossary of Words and Phrases: E - G
Legalman 1 & C - Navy Lawyer / Jag training guide manuals
Glossary of Words and Phrases: M - O
HABEAS CORPUS—“You have the body”; an order from a court of competent jurisdiction that requires the custodian of a prisoner to appear before the court to  show  cause  why  the  prisoner  is  confined  or detained. HARMLESS ERROR—An error of law that does not materially prejudice the substantial rights of the accused. HEARSAY—An  assertive  statement,  or  conduct,  that is  offered  in  evidence  to  prove  the  truth  of  the assertion, but that was not made by the declarant while a witness before the court in the hearing in which it is offered. IMPROVIDENT PLEA—A plea of guilty that cannot be  accepted  if  (1)  the  presiding  officer  is  not satisfied  that  the  accused  understands  the  meaning and effect of his or her pleas, or (2) the elements of the  offense  have  not  been  admitted,  or  (3)  the accused is not convinced of his or her own guilt. INCAPACITATION—The   physical   state   of   being unfit  or  unable  to  perform  properly. INCULPATORY—Anything  that  implicates  a  person in  a  wrongdoing. INDECENT—An   offense   to   common   propriety; offending  against  modesty  or  delicacy;  grossly vulgar or obscene. INDIVIDUAL   MILITARY   COUNSEL—Counsel requested  specifically  by  the  accused  or  respondent to   represent   them   before   a   court-martial   or administrative  board  instead  of  the  appointed counsel. INFERENCE—A fact deduced from another fact or facts shown by the state of the evidence. INFORMANT—A  person  who  has  furnished information  resulting  in  an  investigation  of  a possible violation of law to a person whose official duties  include  the  discovery,  investigation,  or prosecution of a case. IN LOCO PARENTIS—In place of a parent. Used to signify that a person other than the parent exercises rights and responsibilities over a child. INSANITY—See   Mental   Capacity   and   Mental Responsibility. INSPECTION—An  official  examination  of  persons  or property to determine the fitness or readiness of a person, organization, or equipment, not made with a view to any criminal action. AII-8 INTENTIONALLY—Deliberately  and  on  purpose; through design, or according to plan, and not merely through  carelessness  or  by  accident. INTERROGATION—In criminal law, the process of questions  propounded  by  police  to  persons  arrested or suspected to seek solutions of crime. IPSO  FACTO—By  the  very  fact  itself. JOINT OFFENSE—An offense committed by two or more persons acting together in pursuance of a common  intent. JOINT  TRIAL—The  trial  of  two  or  more  persons charged with committing a joint offense. JURISDICTION—The power of a court to hear and decide  a  case  and  to  award  any  appropriate punishment. KNOWINGLY—With    knowledge;    consciously, intelligently. LASCIVIOUS—Tending  to  excite  lust;  obscene; relating  to  sexual  impurity;  tending  to  deprave  the morals with respect to sexual relations. LEGAL  ADVISOR—A  lawyer,  uniformed  or  civilian, under the professional supervision of either the Judge  Advocate  General  or  General  Counsel  of  the Navy,   certified under or otherwise meeting the professional requirements of Article 27(b), UCMJ. LESSER     INCLUDED     OFFENSE—An     offense necessarily included in the offense charged; an offense  containing  some  but  not  all  of  the  elements of the offense charged, so that if one or more of the elements of the offense charged are not proved, the evidence may still support a finding of guilty of the included   offense. LEWD—Lustful  or  lecherous;  incontinence  earned  on in a wanton manner. MATTER  IN  AGGRAVATION—Any  circumstance attending the commission of a crime that increases its enormity. MATTER  IN  EXTENUATION—Any  circumstance serving  to  explain  the  commission  of  the  offense, including the reasons that actuated the accused, but not extending to a legal justification. MATTER   IN   MITIGATION—Any   circumstance having  for  its  purpose  the  lessening  of punishment to be awarded by the court and furnishing of grounds for a clemency. recommendation the the for

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