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Glossary of Words and Phrases: O - P
Legalman 1 & C - Navy Lawyer / Jag training guide manuals
Glossary of Words and Phrases: S
PROCESSING  COMMAND—The  parent  command to which a member is permanently assigned has primary   responsibility   for   administrative processing. PROVOKING—Tending to incite, irritate, or enrage another. PROXIMATE CAUSE—That which, in natural and continuous  sequence,  unbroken  by  an  efficient intervening  cause,  produces  a  result,  and  without which the result would not have occurred. PROXIMATE  RESULT—A  reasonably  foreseeable result ordinarily following from the lack of care complained of, unbroken by any independent cause. PUNITIVE ARTICLES—Articles 78 and 80 through 134, UCMJ, that generally describe various crimes and  offenses  and  state  how  they  may  be  punished. PUNITIVE  DISCHARGE—A  discharge  imposed  as punishment by a court-martial, either a bad-conduct discharge  or  a  dishonorable  discharge. QUALIFIED  COUNSEL—Counsel  qualified  under Article 27(b), UCMJ, and who does not have any direct  responsibility  for  advising  the  convening authority or separation authority on the proceedings involving  the  respondent. RAPE—An act of sexual intercourse with a female, not the accused’s wife, done by force and without her consent. REAL EVIDENCE—Any physical object offered into evidence at trial. RECESS—A short period of time during which a trial is not in progress. RECKLESSNESS—An act or omission exhibiting a culpable  disregard  for  the  foreseeable  consequences of that act or omission; a degree of carelessness greater  than  simple  negligence. RECONSIDERATION—The action of the convening authority in returning the record of trial to the court for  renewed  consideration  of  a  ruling  of  the  court dismissing a specification on motion, where the ruling of the court does not amount to a finding of not guilty. REFERRAL   OF   CHARGES—The   action   of   a convening  authority  in  directing  that  a  particular case be tried by a particular court-martial previously created. RELEASE  FROM  ACTIVE  DUTY—Termination  of active duty status and transfer or reversion to a Reserve component not on active duty including transfer  to  the  Individual  Ready  Reserve. RELEVANCY—That  quality  of  evidence  that  renders it properly applicable in proving or disproving any matter in issues; a tendency in logic to prove or disprove a fact that is in issue in the case. REMEDIAL   ACTION—Action   taken   by   proper reviewing authorities to correct an error or errors in the  proceedings  or  to  offset  the  adverse  impact  of an error. REMISSION—Action  by  proper  authority  interrupting the execution of a punishment and canceling out the punishment  remaining  to  be  served,  while  not restoring  any  right,  privilege,  or  property  already affected by the executed portion of the punishment. REPROACHFUL—Censuring,   blaming,   discrediting, or disgracing of another’s life or character. RESISTING   APPREHENSION—An   active resistance  to  the  restraint  attempted  to  be  imposed by  the  person  apprehending. RESPONDENT—A  member  who  has  been  notified that  action  has  been  initiated  to  separate  the member. RESTRICTION—Moral   restraint   imposed   as punishment, or pretrial restraint upon a person by oral or written orders limiting him or her to specified areas  of  a  military  command,  with  the  further provision  that  he  or  she  will  participate  in  all military  duties  and  activities  of  his  or  her organization  while  under  such  restriction. REVISION—A  procedure  to  correct  an  apparent  error or omission or improper or inconsistent action of a court-martial with respect to a finding or a sentence. SEARCH—A  quest  for  incriminating  evidence. SEIZURE—To take possession of forcibly, to grasp, to snatch, or to put into possession. SELF-DEFENSE—The  use  of  reasonable  force  to defend  oneself  against  immediate  bodily  harm threatened by the unlawful act of another. SELF-INCRIMINATION—The   giving   of   evidence against  oneself  that  tends  to  establish  guilt  of  an offense. SENTENCE—The punishment awarded an accused who is found guilty of an offense by a court-martial. SEPARATION—A  general  term  that  includes discharge, release from active duty, transfer to the AII-11

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