names for those actions are Arm's Reach, Sound Off, Cover, and
(a) Arm's Reach - If the attacker is within an Arm's
Reach (0-7 feet) of the agent, the PSS should move to
disable/neutralize the threat. The remainder of the team will
cover and evacuate the principal.
(b) Sound-Off - Identify the threat by sounding off
with the type of threat and direction it is coming from. When
identifying the threat yell what it is (i.e., gun, knife, etc.).
Use the standard 12-hour clock positions to identify the
direction of the threat (12:00 o'clock is always the direction
of movement of the Principle) to identify where the threat is
(c) Cover - Protect the principal with any and all
(d) Evacuate - Expeditiously remove the principal
from the area of the threat.
1 Note: The PSD's primary duty is to ensure the
safety of the principal, not to arrest or apprehend the
c. Teamwork is essential. Protective personnel should
train together whenever possible. If time permits, team members
should walk through a few situations prior to starting a detail.
constantly be alert to any danger signs and, therefore, must be
looking outward and not at the principal. This requires
concentration and practice. Personnel working a protective
operation must not only become familiar with the habits and
idiosyncrasies of the principal. But also be familiar with the
behavior and reactions of their fellow support personnel. When
remember the following points:
(1) Protect yourself in order to protect the principal.
(2) Your stance should be focused toward the crowd.
(3) Know your initial reaction to a physical assault.