(1) Single Escort (PSA) Protective team member at the
right and rear of the principal.
(2) Wedge One protective team member is at the point
(lead), one protective team member is at the rear and left of
the principal, and the PSA is at the rear and right of the
(3) Diamond The four protective team members are
placed in a diamond placement (front, rear, left, right) around
the PSA and principal.
(4) Defensive Circle Protective team members are
facing outward, arms interlocked (usually for severe crowd
(5) Cave In - Protective team members are facing inward
and providing cover from airborne objects.
(6) Fenceline (modified diamond) a one-dimensional
formation when the principal works a rope-line or fence-line. As
the formation approaches the fence line, the point and left
flank will be to the left of the principal, with the right flank
and rear coming to the right of the principal. The PSA will
remain behind the principal, watching the crowd's interaction.
If working a fence line is scheduled or anticipated, it is a
good idea to place one or two protective personnel in the crowd,
coming through the crowd parallel with the protective detail.
Walking Formation Guidelines.
(1) The detail needs to provide 360-degree security
regardless of detail size.
(2) The site Advance Agent (when available) will lead
the detail during walking movements.
(3) The Shift Leader is the tactical control of the
formation. The Shift Leader makes sure the gaps are filled,
personnel are repositioned as needed, and sets the dispersion of
(4) PSS should continually be thinking about what
actions they will take should an attack occur. In the event of
an attack upon the principal, PSDs will respond with the
following action chain consisting of four main actions. The