9-4, and 9-5 are the basic breakfast or brunch cover, the
basic lunch or dinner cover, and the cover for an
informal meal, respectively.
Individual place settings are traditionally arranged
Dinner or service plateThe dinner or service plate
is placed directly in front of each chair.
spacing of plates for family style or formal occasions is
24 inches from plate center to plate center. This is close
enough to permit easy conversation and provides
enough room for each diner. The dinner plate is not
placed on the table when American, cafeteria, buffet, or
a la carte style is used.
SilverwareSilverware is placed about 1 inch from
the edge of the table and close to the plate. It is placed
Figure 9-4 .Basic lunch or dinner cover.
according to the order in which it will be usedthe
outermost pieces being used first. Knives are placed
next to the plate on the right side with the cutting edge
toward the plate. Spoons are placed to the right of the
knives with the bowl up. Forks, except oyster forks, are
placed on the left side of the plate. When the oyster fork
is used, it goes to the right of the spoon. Usually, not
more than six pieces of silverware are placed at a cover.
During a formal dinner, when additional silver is
required, it is brought in with the course requiring its
Bread and butter plateThe bread and butter plate,
when used, is placed to the left of the dinner plate, above
the points of the forks.
Beverage glassesThe water glass is placed to the
right of the dinner plate above the points of the knives.
The water glass is set for lunch unless another chilled
beverage is to be used. It is a wide, short 10-ounce glass
and is used only for water. The beverage glass is a taller,
narrower 10-ounce glass. It is used for lunch or dinner
when milk, iced tea, or other chilled beverages are
served. The juice glass is a small 6-ounce glass. It is not
set but is used to serve juice when ordered by the diner.
It is used only at breakfast.
Coffee cupThe coffee cup is set upside down on
the saucer and is placed to the upper right of the outer
Napkin-The napkin can be either cloth or paper.
It is placed either to the left of the forks or on the dinner
Figure 9-5.-Cover for an informal meal.