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Formal Training for Shipboard Safety and Health Programs
Naval Safety Supervisor - Military manual on safety practices
Formal Safety Inspections - 14167_122
Division  safety  petty  officers  also  receive  training on the enlisted safety committee, using and caring for personal   protective   equipment,   and   advising   the division officer on safety matters. This course helps the student  develop  and  maintain  an  effective  division safety   program. AFLOAT  SAFETY  PROGRAM EVALUATION The principle way commands discover hazards is through   workplace   inspections.   The   command’s supervisors  direct  the  workplace  inspections.  They arrange for appropriate safety and health personnel to evaluate  ship’s  spaces  and  equipment.  They  also routinely  observe  operations  at  the  jobsite.  Onsite observations enable supervisors to detect and correct hazards  resulting  from  noncompliance  with  the  safety standards  contained  in  OPNAVINST  5100.19B, volumes II and III. Commands  use  industrial  hygiene  surveys  as another  method  of  identifying  and  evaluating  workplace hazards.  Professional  industrial  hygienists  conduct these  surveys  to  evaluate  each  workplace  for occupational hazards and physical stressors. This survey identifies  medical  surveillance  requirements.  The examinations detect adverse health effects resulting from  health  hazardous  exposure  associated  with  duties. ANNUAL WORKPLACE SAFETY INSPECTIONS Every  workspace  on  board  ship  should  be  inspected for safety hazards at least once a year. The safety officer will ensure this inspection is conducted. An experienced officer, accompanied by a division safety petty officer (or aboard submarines, a submarine-qualified senior petty  officer  from  the  division),  is  assigned  to accomplish the safety inspection of a workplace. Appendix   A3-A   of   OPNAVINST   5100.19B provides  inspection  guidance  in  the  form  of  checklists. Safety inspections of all workspaces/equipment need not   be   conducted   at   one   time.   During   regularly scheduled  zone  inspections,  you  can  designate  certain spaces to receive “safety” zone inspections. These zone inspections will make up the safety inspection. The completed   Workplace   Inspection   Form   with   an accompanying  deficiency  list,  such  as  a  Zone  Inspection Deficiency List (ZIDL), is returned to the safety officer upon  completion  of  the  inspection.  That  allows  the hazards  to  be  documented  and  followed  for  corrective action. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE SURVEYS This  survey  quantifies  hazardous  exposures associated  with  health-hazardous  operations  based  on actual  measurements.  We  discussed  industrial  hygiene services in chapter 5. The industrial hygiene survey provides  the  following  information: Summary  of  NAVOSH  Program  compliance List  of  asbestos  hazards List  of  eye  hazardous  areas Respiratory  protection  requirements Lead  hazard  areas  or  processes Medical  surveillance  requirements Other data from measurements and air sampling Industrial hygiene surveys are conducted between the  completion  of  each  yard  period  and  before deployment.   These   surveys   will   normally   be accomplished  by  a  Navy  Environmental  and  Preventive Medicine Unit (NEPMU) or a tender or aircraft carrier industrial hygiene officer. The safety officer should keep  a  copy  of  the  survey  report  and  follow  up  on corrective  actions. JOBSITE OBSERVATION It is amazing how many people can walk right by a hazard and not notice it! Every supervisor, of every rank, has an obligation to be on the lookout for hazards. Most  hazards  are  identified  through  jobsite  observation. The commanding officer, executive officer, safety officer,  department  heads,  division  officers,  and  work center  supervisors  should  routinely  walk  through workspaces  during  the  workday  or  during  evolutions  to observe  jobaite  performance.  They  should  make  these observations to detect and correct hazards resulting from worker noncompliance with safety standards. Supervisors should correct those hazards that can be corrected—on the spot—and document all others. They may need to take temporary measures to prevent a mishap until a permanent correction is made. MASTER-AT-ARMS  FORCE  INSPECTIONS Members of the master-at-arms (MAA) force act as roving safety inspectors during their normal tours of the command. They must be alert to any deficiencies or hazards  that  could  result  in  injury  to  personnel  or 7-7

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