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Occupational Health Programs
CHAPTER 5 NAVY OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM  FUNDAMENTALS In chapter 1, we gave you background information on  the  Navy  Occupational  Safety  and  Health (NAVOSH) Program. In this chapter, we will discuss the following areas of the NAVOSH Program: NAVOSH  Program  background NAVOSH  Program  elements Scope  of  NAVOSH  Program Industrial  hygiene  surveys Industrial  hygiene  terminology Heat  Stress  Control  and  Prevention  Program Hearing  Conservation  Program Hazardous  Material/Hazardous  Waste  Program Sight  Conservation  Program Asbestos  Control  Program Lead Control Program Radiation  Protection  Program Respiratory  Protection  Program Personal   Protective   Equipment   (PPE)   and Clothing Program Electrical Safety Program Tag-Out/Lock-Out  Program Gas  Free  Engineering  Program Medical  Surveillance  Program General  safety  precautions The  off-duty  safety  program  elements,  such  as home, traffic, athletic, and recreation safety, are also part of the NAVOSH Program. Chapters 10 and 11 discuss  those  elements. NAVOSH PROGRAM BACKGROUND Federal law requires the Department of Defense (DOD)  and  Secretary  of  the  Navy  (SECNAV)  (as 5-1 discussed in chapter 1) to establish occupational safety and health programs. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO)  has  established  the  NAVOSH  Program  in response to this requirement. In 1983, the first  NAVOSH   Program   Manual, OPNAVINST  5100.23C,  was  written,  defining  the Navy’s  occupational  safety  and  health  standards.  Since program  requirements  differed  significantly  for  military equipment, a separate NAVOSH manual was drafted for forces afloat. OPNAVINST 5100.19B, a revision of the Safety  Precautions  for  Forces  Afloat,  was  issued  in 1989. Numerous changes have been made to these manuals  to  make  them  comply  with  revisions  to Occupational   Safety   and   Health   Administration (OSHA)   standards. NAVOSH  PROGRAM  ELEMENTS The  NAVOSH  Program  addresses  the  maintenance of  safe  and  healthful  conditions  in  the  workplace  or  the occupational environment. It applies to all Navy civilian and military personnel and operations, ashore or afloat. The principle elements of the NAVOSH Program, in no particular order of importance, are as follows: Training Program  evaluation Safety  standards  and  regulations Mishap  investigation  and  reporting Hazard  control  and  deficiency  abatement Inspections, surveys, and medical surveillance A successful NAVOSH Program is one that reduces work-related injuries and illnesses. That results when every level of the organization emphasizes the program. SECNAV  has  overall  responsibility  for  the  NAVOSH Program.  CNO  administers  the  program  through  the chain of command. These six program elements are applied through two basic  components  of  the  NAVOSH  Program:  the Occupational Health Program and the Occupational Safety  Program.

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