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Formal Safety Inspections - 14167_123
damage to equipment. They assist the safety officer in keeping the NAVOSH Program visible to all hands. They attempt to have any observed deficiency or hazard corrected “on the spot. ”  If that is not possible, they will report  the  deficiency  to  the  safety  officer  or  their supervisor. Although submarines do not have an MAA force, roving watch standers can still be on the lookout for  hazards. NAVSAFECEN SAFETY SURVEYS Ships should request a Shipboard Safety Survey from the Naval Safety Center once every 3 years (2 years for  submarines).  The  NAVSAFECEN  conducts  the Shipboard  Safety  Survey,  which  takes  1  or  2  days. During   the   survey,   NAVSAFECEN   looks   at representative  operations  throughout  the  ship.  It identifies safety hazards, trains safety officers and safety petty officers, and provides the commanding officer with an evaluation of the safety status of the command. Since the intent of the survey is to promote hazard awareness, the survey report is made only to the ship. No grade or relative standing is assigned, and follow-up reports  are  not  required. FORMAL SAFETY INSPECTIONS Many  formal  inspections  conducted  afloat  and ashore review safety procedures and conditions. The Board  of  Inspection  and  Survey  (INSURV),  under  the administration  of  the  CNO,  conducts  a  material inspection of ships. This inspection, taking 3 to 5 days (part of which is under way), takes place 4 to 6 months before  a  regular  overhaul,  or  about  every  3  years. INSURV  also  inspects  ships  before  their  de- commissioning   and   inspects   (through   sea   trials, acceptance   trials,   or   final   contract   trials)   newly constructed  ships.  One  area  the  Board  inspects  is NAVOSH.  This  area  of  the  inspection  includes  a thorough examination of the ship’s programs, training, administration,  and  material  condition.  The  following are examples of other formal inspections conducted aboard ships, which cover elements of the NAVOSH Program: Operational   propulsion   plant   examination (OPPE) Light-off  examination  (LOE) Logistics  management  assessment  (LMA) Medical  readiness  inspection  (MRI) Command inspection by the immediate superior in  command  (ISIC)  or  type  commander (TYCOM) Various   weapons   and   radiological   controls inspections Intermediate   maintenance   activity   (IMA) audit/maintenance material inspection (MMI) (tenders  only) Preparation  for  any  of  these  formal  inspections  is extensive  and  time  consuming,  especially  if  you  don’t keep  the  programs  up  to  date.  A  routine  self-inspection and survey program can help you stay ahead of hazard correction and keep your command ready for inspection. Volume I of OPNAVINST 5100.19B provides check- lists at the end of every chapter. These checklists help you evaluate your program and determine your course of action for inspection preparations. SURFACE SHIP SAFETY STANDARDS As stated earlier, shipboard life is one of the most hazardous  working  and  living  environments  in existence. The existence of hazardous materials and equipment contributes to the creation of a mishap-prone environment. A ship is a constantly moving platform subject to conditions such as weather, collision, and grounding.   These   conditions   help   to   create   a mishap-prone  environment.  Therefore,  you  can  see  how dangerous a ship’s environment can be. Any chain of events could lead to a major catastrophe. Because of that,  personnel  must  follow  both  PRACTICAL SAFETY and  prescribed  SAFETY  REGULATIONS to prevent personal injury and illness. Every time a mishap occurs involving a violation of an afloat safety standard, you should once again bring the standard to the attention of all personnel. You can do that by using Plan of the Day (POD) notes or division training at quarters. Most sailors receive instruction on safety standards at recruit training and at advanced training   schools.   However,   don’t   forget   the   new crewmember reporting on board! Give him or her a copy  of  the  afloat  safety  standards  found  in  chapter  C1 (for surface ships) and chapter D1 (for submarines) of OPNAVINST   5100.19B.   Briefing   the   new   crew- member on the intent and importance of the standards is important. 7-8

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