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Categories of Used or Excess Hazardous Material
equipment,   such   as   earplugs   or   earmuffs.   The equipment is also used as an interim measure until the noise hazard is under control or eliminated. Personnel  working  in  designated  hazardous  noise areas or operating noise-hazardous equipment must wear  hearing  protection  devices.  They  must  wear single-type  hearing-protective  devices  when  noise levels are greater than 84 dB(A). They must wear a combination of both the insert type and circumaural muff type of hearing-protective devices in all areas where  noise  levels  exceed  104  dB(A). Each   hearing-protective   device   is   tested   and assigned a noise reduction rating (NRR). This NRR tells how many decibels the earplug or muff will reduce the external noise. For example, suppose the noise hazard area is measured at 90 dB(A). If you wear an earplug with an NRR of 20 dB, you will only be exposed to 70 dB. That is well below the hazard level of greater than 84  dB(A).  These  NRRs  are  listed  on  earplug  and earmuff  packaging. Medical  personnel  dispense  all  earplugs  requiring fitting.  The  medical  representative  measures  the examinee’s ear canals and instructs him or her on the proper type, size, and use of earplugs. In addition, the examinee learns how to clean and maintain the earplugs. Foam earplugs, earcaps, and earmuffs require no fitting; but personnel must be trained to use them properly. HAZARDOUS  MATERIAL/HAZARDOUS WASTE PROGRAM We use hazardous materials daily, afloat and ashore, in maintenance, repair, and cleaning. We could not maintain  our  operational  effectiveness  without  using hazardous materials. In using hazardous materials, however, we may also produce hazardous waste. We can use hazardous materials effectively and safely if we take care in their handling, storage, and disposal. To help ensure that, OSHA passed a regulation called the  Hazard  Communication  Standard,  29 CFR 1910.1200.  Since  DOD  and  SECNAV  have  adopted  that regulation, all civilian and military employees of the federal government must comply with it. The hazardous materials you must use to do your job can be hazardous to your health and the environment if handled improperly. Therefore, you have the right to be trained in the use of hazardous materials and to know any  information  about  those  materials  that  could threaten your safety or health. To protect your rights and to ensure personnel comply  with  OSHA  and  Environmental  Protection Agency (EPA) regulations, the Navy has developed a hazardous material control and management program. Hazardous   Material   Control   and   Management (HMC&M),  OPNAVINST  4110.2,  provides  the  details of  this  program.  OPNAVINST  5100.23C,  chapter  7,  and OPNAVINST  5100.19B,  chapter  B3,  also  discuss hazardous  material  control  and  management. The  Naval  Supply  Systems  Command  manages  the overall program for hazardous material control and management for the Navy. The program objectives are as  follows: Minimize the amount of hazardous materials in use Use  hazardous  materials  safely Decrease the amount of hazardous waste we produce Definition of Hazardous Material What is hazardous material? We define hazardous material as any material that, because of its quantity, concentration,  or  physical  or  chemical  characteristics, may  pose  a  real  hazard  to  human  health  or  the environment.   Hazardous   materials   include   the following   categories: Aerosols Compressed  gases Oxidizing  materials Toxic or poisonous materials Flammable  and  combustible  materials Corrosive materials, such as strong acids and alkalies Separate   directives   cover   some   materials considered hazardous. They include mercury; asbestos; propellants; bulk fuels; ammunition; medical waste; and chemical,  biological,  and  radiological  materials. Definition of Hazardous Waste We  define  hazardous  waste  as  any  discarded material (liquid, solid, or gas) that meets the definition of   hazardous   material.   Only   the   Environmental Protection  Agency  or  a  state  authority  may  designate material as hazardous waste. 5-9

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