information to other commands who need to take the
same or similar corrective action. In the case of some
hazards, the reporting command may lack the expertise
to formulate recommended corrective action.
Four hazards require a special HR format: bird (and
bat) strikes; near mid-air collisions; physiological
episodes; and embarked landing hazards. When these
types of hazards occur but they do not meet the criteria
of a defined aircraft mishap, you must submit an HR.
The quality of an HR obviously depends on the
quality of the investigation into the circumstances
causing the hazard. Commands can, and are encouraged
to, use aircraft mishap boards (AMBs) to investigate and
report hazards. Boards that investigate physiological
episodes must, as a minimum, include a flight surgeon.
OPNAVINST 3750.6Q recommends that the AMBs
conduct both the investigation of the hazard and the
preparation of the HRs. The reporting custodian of the
naval aircraft, equipment, or facility involved normally
submits the report, but any naval activity that identifies
the hazard can submit a report. Activities or individuals
reluctant to identify hazards involving unique situations
or circumstances may submit an anonymous hazard
report. Send anonymous HRs by mail directly to the
Navy Safety Center.
No formal deadlines are required for submitting
HRs. However, in the interest of safety, you should
submit all HRs with a severe risk assessment code
within 24 hours following detection of the hazard.
Submit all other HRs within 14 days following detection
of the hazard.
Success of the Naval Aviation Safety Program
depends on the submission of complete, open, and
forthright information and opinions concerning safety
matters. The exercise of command influence to edit,
change, or in any way censor the content of reports is
contrary to the spirit of the program.
Do not consider HRs as privileged. HRs and mishap
investigation reports (MIRs), which are privileged, are
distinctly different. The investigation and reporting of
mishaps, not hazards, strictly limits the authority for
granting an assurance of confidentiality. You must take
extreme care to avoid giving any impression that HRs
are for safety purposes only. The only restriction on their
use is that they are used For Official Use Only. HRs
should not include personal identifiers, such as names
and social security numbers, except as points of contact.
Do not ask for such information if you can investigate
the hazard without using such personal information.
NAVAL AIRCRAFT MISHAPS
In chapter 3, we examined the causes and
prevention of mishaps as well as reporting procedures.
We will now discuss the procedures for reporting naval
aircraft mishaps and identify the various injury
Naval Aircraft Mishap Defined
What is a naval aircraft mishap? A naval aircraft
mishap is an unplanned event or a series of events that
comes under one or both of the following two
1. Cumulative damage of $10,000 or greater to
naval aircraft, other aircraft, and property.
Property damage costs include those required to
repair or replace facilities, equipment, or
2. An injury involving naval aircraft that results in
traumatic bodily harm and causes one of the
Permanent total disability
Permanent partial disability
One or more lost workdays
Traumatic bodily harm includes a cut, burns, a
fracture, or poisoning resulting from a single or 5-day
exposure to an external force, toxic substance, or
physical agent resulting in one of the four occurrences
Naval Aircraft Mishap Categories
The three naval aircraft mishap categories are
defined as follows:
Flight Mishap (FM): FMs are mishaps in which
intent for flight existed at the time of the mishap
and in which $10,000 or greater damage to DOD
Flight Related Mishap (FRM): An FRM is a
mishap in which intent for flight existed at the
time of the mishap and in which less than
$10,000 damage to DOD aircraft occurred and
$10,000 or more total damage or a defined injury
or death occurred.
Aircraft Ground Mishap (AGM): An AGM is
a mishap in which no intent for flight existed at
the time of the mishap and DOD aircraft loss, or
$10,000 or more aircraft damage and/or
property damage, or a defined injury occurred.