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Ineffective Stress Response
Figure 3-5.—Stress response model. HANS SELYE Hans Selye was an endocrinologist who studied stress and has been recognized as an expert in the field   of   stress   management. In   the   next   few paragraphs we will cover Selye’s definition of stress and explain what it means to us. Selye’s Definition of Stress “Stress  is  the  body’s  nonspecific  response  to  a demand  placed  on  it.”   The definition will have more meaning  after  we  break  it  down  and  look  at  each component  separately. Body Keep in mind that Selye was an endocrinologist. As such, he studied the physical effects of hormones within the body, so his definition is about the physical aspects or the “body’s” response. Nonspecific  Response To  understand  a  nonspecific  response,  it  is  useful to  think  of  specific  responses  for  contrast.  Specific responses  are  logical  reactions  to  something.  You shiver  when  you  are  cold.  You  perspire  when  you  are hot.  Those  are  specific  responses  by  the  body  to  a stimulus of some kind. An example of a nonspecific response would be when you are lying in bed on the verge of sleep and you hear a disconcerting sound in the  other  room.  Your  heart  beat  quickens,  your  blood pressure  increases,  your  senses  actually  become  more acute.  These  are  nonspecific  responses.  Your  body has  activated  the  fight/flight  mechanisms  that  are meant to prepare you for a fight or remove you from the situation. These mechanisms may or may not help you in a stressful situation. Demands Selye  divided  demands  into  three  categories: He Distressors  -  negative  stressors Eustressors  -  positive  stressors Neutrals  -  those  stressors  that  by  themselves have neither a negative nor a positive effect on us found that most stressors fall into the third category. They have a neutral effect until, by our own thinking, we change them into a negative distressor or a  positive  eustressor.  This  explains  why  different people  may  have  profoundly  different  reactions  to  the same basic source of stress. Let’s take a look at the act  of  personally  developed  contacting  (PDCing). This  demand,  by  itself,  is  neutral.  A  recruiter  who thoroughly enjoys getting out and pressing palms and 3-15

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