l Condition. This explains under what condition
the student should be able to perform or exhibit the
knowledge or skill.
l Standard. This explains to what degree the
student should be able to perform. The standard may be
expressed explicitly as with 90 percent accuracy or
demonstrate an effective sales
presentation. The word effective is the standard.
The terminal objective is a specific statement of the
performance expected. It should translate directly to
tasks performed on the job. This is what you want the
student to be able to do with the training provided.
Enabling objectives are specific statements of the
behavior to be exhibited. They are written with
conditions and standards appropriate to the learning
knowledge and skills that support a terminal objective.
These are the steps you want the student to accomplish
in order to meet the terminal objective.
LESSON PLAN FORMAT
Figure 2-5 is a sample lesson plan format that you
can copy and use to develop your own lesson plans. The
format provides a logical and smooth flow of
information for ease in delivery and learning.
Introduce yourself and the subject matter. Give a
brief history of your experience to credentialize yourself
as a subject matter expert.
This step is meant to gain the attention of the
students. You may want to use analogies, personal
experiences, anecdotes, and so on, as long as they are in
good taste and relate to the lesson subject matter. Your
objective is to create a desire on the part of the student
to concentrate on the subject matter ahead.
This is an optional step. You may want to review
what the students should already know or briefly cover
points made in previous lessons.
This is the motivation step. Stress the reasons why
the students need to learn the skill or knowledge. This
step is designed to increase student confidence by
relating the lesson to past experiences and future
successes. Give the students the real benefit to them.
Review the learning objectives and teaching steps to
be attained. Make sure the students understand what
activity will be required of them and how they will be
evaluated, if applicable.
Guide students into the body of the lesson. Focus
their attention on the first objective or teaching step.
The body of the lesson plan contains the information
you are going to deliver as well as methodology.
LEFT COLUMN. This column contains the
information the instructor must teach and the students
must learn. It contains the elements of presentation,
application, and evaluation.
RIGHT COLUMN. This column is used by the
instructor to reflect how the lesson will be
accomplished. It contains instructors notes, cautions, and
Planned questions, transitions, and interim
summaries may be listed here. Reminders to use
verbal/visual support, equipment, and visual aids may be
listed in the right column. Time lines for delivery and
references may also be listed here. Safety and security
notes can be reflected as well. The right column of the
body is a catchall for any information that will assist the
instructor. It should be personalized by each person
using the lesson plan.
The conclusion is a wrap-up of the lesson and a
preliminary preparation for the next lesson. It contains