Determine Lesson Objectives
should have a worthwhile
purpose. Personnel should have a valid need for the
objectives being taught. Limit your objectives to specific
knowledge or performance requirements. Make sure the
objectives can be achieved in the time allotted for your
This step is often called mastering the subject. Dont
immediately go to the reference books. First, explore
your own knowledge of the subject. Think of your own
lessons learned and experience. Next, consult with others
in the same field. Other RINCs and ZSs, while having
similar experiences, may have ideas to add. Finally, turn
to written sources for additional material and verification
of what you have gathered from your own and others
Organize Your Subject Matter
Use a logical sequence to lead students from one
point to another. Outline your lesson content. Learning
objectives will serve as main points of the lesson. Lead
students from known to unknown and from simple to
Select Methods and Instructional Aids
As mentioned earlier, people learn in different ways
and some subject matter lends itself to one teaching
method above others. It is up to you to decide at this
point which method of delivery you will use and to
determine the need for instructional aids.
TEACHING METHODS. Formal
methods include lecture, guided discussion, and
Lecture. The instructor does all the teaching in the
lecture method. The instructor delivers the information
from the lesson plan. This method is useful when
introducing new material or information that is absolute
Guided Discussion. As the name implies, the
guided discussion method is designed to involve all
students in the teaching evolution. The instructor acts as
a facilitator, guiding the discussion toward the lesson
objectives. This is a particularly effective method when
training to areas without absolutes; for example, itinerary
development. In the guided discussion method, you want
the students to provide as much information as possible.
You should ask open-ended questions and reinforce and
summarize points made that meet the lesson objectives.
Demonstration Performance. The demonstration
that you actually
demonstrate a skill or technique and then have the
students perform. You may remember this is the method
used in ENRO to teach sales. This method is used for
subjects that lend themselves to showing rather than
INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS. Professional
instructional aids can help you meet your lesson
objectives. They should be designed to enhance the
lesson rather than teach it. Instructional aids include
visual aids, demonstrations, and written material.
Visual Aids. A variety of visual aids can add to
your lesson. Evaluate the lesson to determine what type
of visual aid will best emphasize important points.
Movies, transparencies, flip charts, blackboards, and felt
boards are all examples of visual aids.
Demonstrations. Use your imagination for
demonstrations to enhance learning objectives. Try to
involve others in the demonstration whenever possible.
Take full advantage of the talent in your station or zone
to benefit the team.
Written Material. You may want to pass out
material that you feel recruiters would want to keep and
refer to. This is a particularly good idea when
instructing new material or information that is not
readily available to the student. Complex ideas are often
received better when written material accompanies the
ELEMENTS OF THE LESSON PLAN
Elements of the lesson plan are listed on a cover
page. They include the course title, date, teaching day,
references, training aids, and learning objectives.
components behavior, condition, and standard.
l Behavior. This is the knowledge or skill you
want the student to know when the lesson is complete.