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Counseling Members Concerning Hardship Discharges - 14213_41
A member of the Naval Reserve, serving on inactive duty,  may  be  transferred  to  the  Individual  Ready Reserve or Standby Reserve when the hardship prevents participation  in  the  Selected  Reserve  but  not mobilization of the member, or may be discharged when the  hardship  would  prevent  the  member’s  mobilization. Cases  of  members  on  inactive  duty  are  approved  by the  appropriate  SPCMCA  and  on  completion  sent  to  the CHNAVPERS (PERS 913). In any case, the decision of whether a hardship discharge should be granted is at the discretion of the Navy. No member has an absolute right to request discharge from the Navy due to hardship. HARDSHIP  DISCHARGE  CRITERIA The  member’s  request  must  show  that  the  hardship meets the following criteria: A   severe   hardship   exists,   not   normally encountered and resolved by other members of the naval service. The   hardship   affects   the   service   member’s immediate  family.  Immediate  family  is  defined  as spouse, son, daughter, stepchild (if stepchild is, in fact, dependent  on  the  member),  parent,  brother,  sister,  or other  person  including  a  stepparent  acting  in  loco parentis  for  a  period  of  5  years  before  the  member became 21 years of age, or any bona fide dependent of the service member. In-laws and grandparents are not considered members of the immediate family solely by virtue of their relationship as in-laws or grandparents. The hardship is not of a temporary nature and cannot reasonably be expected to be resolved within the near future by using leave (including emergency leave if overseas) or a period of TEMDU for humanitarian masons to better the situation. The  hardship  has  occurred  or  has  been  severely aggravated  since  entry  into  the  service. The  member  and  family  have  made  every reasonable effort to ease the hardship. There are no other family members or relatives nearby  who  are  capable  of  providing  the  necessary assistance. The  discharge  or  release  of  the  member  will result in the reduction of the hardship. REASONS  UNDER  WHICH  MEMBER  MAY NOT BE SEPARATED Except   under   extraordinary   circumstances   as decided  by  an  SPCMCA,  separation  under  the MILPERSMAN,   Article   3620210,   will   not   be authorized  when  the  member  is  under  charges  or confined. Additionally, separation will not be authorized solely  for  the  following  reasons: Financial  or  business  reasons  (including  the operation of a family business unless the business is the sole income of the family and there are no other family members capable or willing to operate it). Indebtedness. Personal  convenience. The member’s physical or mental health. Moral  support  to  an  immediate  family  member whose life expectancy is estimated by the attending physician as less than 6 months. In this situation a request for humanitarian reassignment should be sent following g u i d e l i n e s    c o n t a i n e d    i n    t h e ENLTRANSMAN,  chapter  18. Custody  battles  or  divorce  proceedings. REASONS THAT MAY NOT BE USED SOLELY TO PREVENT DISCHARGE OF A MEMBER A separation will not be disapproved for the sole reason that the member is: required in assigned duties, or indebted  to  the  government  or  to  an  individual. Although  an  SPCMCA  is  charged  with  closely monitoring special entitlement programs; for example, selective  reenlistment  bonus  (SRB),  disapproval  cannot be made solely on failure of the government to recoup monies  for  a  hardship  discharge. CASES THAT WARRANT SPECIAL CONSIDERATION Extraordinary circumstances involving members of the   applicant’s   family   normally   warrant   special consideration  when  it  is  proved  that  the  member’s presence  is  essential  to  ease  the  hardship  and,  in  addition to other requirements, includes but is not limited to the following: 2-10

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