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General Rates (Apprenticeships)
CHAPTER 2 NAVY ENLISTED OCCUPATIONS Most people think of ships when they think about the  Navy.  While  ships  are  certainly  a  distinguishable part of the Navy, they alone do not makeup the whole Navy. The Navy is composed of thousands of men and women   who   perform   numerous   professional   and occupational functions in a variety of duty stations, including ships, submarines, aircraft squadrons, and shore stations throughout the world. Before we discuss the  different  functions  performed  by  our  Navy personnel, let’s take a brief look at what might happen when a person first enters the Navy. Upon entering the Navy, an individual is sent to a recruit training center. From recruit training, the individual may or may not be sent to receive formal training for a particular job or rating. Whether or not an individual is sent to formal training will depend on the individual’s  test  scores  and  the  Navy’s  manning requirements. Chapter 7 of the  Enlisted   Transfer Manual  (ENLTRANSMAN),   NAVPERS   15909, indicates that recruits are assigned to a class A school by the  Deputy,  Chief  of  Naval  Personnel  (BUPERS). Based on BUPERS established standards, however, some recruits are granted an Armed Services Vocational Aptitude  Battery  (ASVAB)  test  score  waiver  for assignment to a class A school. So, a person’s ASVAB test  scores  may  be  a  significant  factor  in  determining whether or not this person is sent to a Navy A school or assigned to on-the-job training (OJT) in one of the apprenticeship rates. Today’s Navy requires the work of many experts in many fields. In regard to enlisted personnel, the Navy consists of 70 different occupations. Keep in mind that as ratings merge, combine and/or are no longer needed, the   number   of   occupations   will   decrease.   These occupations are known within the Navy as ratings. As a Personnelman (PN), you belong to one of the Navy’s customer  service  ratings.  Because  your  customers  will represent  many  different  ratings  and  paygrades,  you must be able to recognize and know something about each  Navy  enlisted  rating. In  this  chapter  we  will  focus  our  attention  on  the various occupational fields that are represented by the Navy’s enlisted ratings. In our discussion we will also look at the basic rating and paygrade structure for the Navy’s  enlisted  ratings  and  some  of  the  special qualifications associated with specific ratings. After reading the information in this chapter, you should be able  to  identify  the  Navy’s  enlisted  personnel  structure and  recognize  some  characteristics  and  requirements  of each  enlisted  Navy  rating. PAYGRADE  STRUCTURE According to the  Department  of  Defense  Financial Management  Regulation  (DODFMR),  Military  Pay, Policy,   and   Procedures,   Volume  7,  part  A,  DOD 7000.14-R,  members  of  the  U.S.  Armed  Forces  are entitled to receive pay according to their paygrades and years of service, if they are on active duty in a pay status and not prohibited by law from receiving such pay. Many  years  ago,  Congress  passed  the  Uniform  Services Pay Act to guarantee this entitlement by bringing the paygrade  levels  of  all  branches  of  the  U.S.  Armed Forces into alignment. STANDARDIZATION The  Uniform  Services  Pay  Act  was  the  first legislative   action   to   establish   regular,   consistent paygrade  levels  within  the  enlisted  personnel  structure, regardless of the specific branch of military service. Study figure 2-1 and compare the paygrades for enlisted members of the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, Army, and Air  Force.  Notice,  for  example,  how  a  Navy  petty officer first class is in the same paygrade as a staff sergeant in the Marine Corps, a technical sergeant in the Air Force, and a staff sergeant in the Army. For all these personnel,  the  paygrade  is  E-6.  The  letter  E signifies that the member is enlisted; the number 6 identifies the member’s numerical step or seniority within the enlisted personnel  structure. TITLES AND ABBREVIATIONS From your study of the basic military requirements, you  will  likely  remember  several  common  terms associated  with  the  Navy’s  enlisted  paygrade  structure. For example, all Navy personnel below the grade of warrant officer are referred to as enlisted personnel. The Navy’s enlisted personnel are distributed among the various  levels  within  the  enlisted  paygrade  structure. 2-1

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