Steering and Sailing Rules, Continued
When two power-driven vessels are crossing and involve risk of collision
(fig. 4-19), the vessel having the other to starboard must keep out of the
way and will avoid usually by turning to starboard and passing astern of
ahead of the other vessel.
vessel or, if circumstances permit, speeding up and crossing
Figure 4-19. Two ships in a crossing situation.
A sailing vessel has the right-of-way over power-driven vessels except
when the sailing vessel is overtaking, or when the power-driven vessel is
engaged in fishing, is not under command, or is restricted in its ability to
Any vessel overtaking another must keep clear of the overtaken vessel.
An overtaking vessel is one that is approaching another vessel from any
direction more than 22.5 degrees abaft its beam (fig. 4-20). When in
doubt, assume you are overtaking and act accordingly.
Figure 4-20. Two ships in all overtaking situation.