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Temperature, Dew Point, and Relative Humidity, Continued - 14220_325
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Weather Observation and Reporting, Continued - 14220_327
Weather  Observation  and  Reporting Observation Timely  and  accurate  environmental  observations  are  basic  to  the development  of  meteorological  and  oceanographic  forecasts  in  support  of fleet  operations.  Since  the  U.S.  Navy  may  be  committed  to  operations anywhere  in  the  world,  global  observations  of  meteorological  and oceanographic  conditions  are  required.  In  remote  areas  (especially  over oceans),  environmental  data  are  extremely  sparse. Accordingly,  observations  from  Navy  ships  are  particularly  vital.  In short,  all  ships  at  sea  are  required  to  take  regular  observations,  but where  ships  are  steaming  in  company  or  in  close  proximity  (within  10 miles),  the  OTC  may  designate  one  of  the  ships  to  report  observations for  the  group.  Ships  in  port  are  required  to  continue  regular  weather observing  and  reporting  by  electronic  means  unless  there  is  a  nearby U.S.  manned  weather  reporting  activity. In-port  weather  observing  and  reporting  guard  ship  arrangements  may  be used  for  groups  of  ships  at  the  discretion  of  the  senior  officer  present. In  such  instances,  the  weather  logs  of  exempted  ships  should  bear  a notation  of  the  guard  ship(s)  and  effective  dates/times.  Additional  and special  weather  observations  and  reporting  schedules  that  may  be required  in  support  of  fleet  operations  are  issued  in  pertinent  operation plans  and  orders.  Requirements  for  increased  frequency  of  weather reporting  by  ships  at  sea  in  specific  areas,  particularly  in  areas  where tropical  disturbances  are  suspected  or  known  to  exist,  should  be  issued as  necessary  by  the  area  or  force  commander. Recording the Weather All  ships  taking  surface  weather  observations  must  use  the  form  CNOC 3140/8.  This  form  contains  two  code  forms  and  is  divided  into  two sections,  parts  I  and  II. Part  I:  Part  I  is  the  Ship  Aviation  Observation  Code.  This  code  is  in the  aviation  observation  code  format  with  additional  ship  and  sea  data columns. Part  II:  Part  II  is  the  Synoptic  Code  Message  Format.  It  is determined  from  analyzing  data  from  part  I.  The  data  is  transmitted  via radio  message  to  the  appropriate  weather  center. 10-30

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