safety. The safety of personnel and equipment is
list as a guide for training. Remember that the
the responsibility of all hands. This way everyone
need for speed during an emergency situation may
is safety conscious and it will make your job
outweigh the value of some safety precautions.
easier. In figure 4-11 we listed safety precautions
However, do not ever suspend safety practices
that should be used by cargo handlers. Use this
unless the degree of urgency warrants it. In all
SAFE MATERIALS-HANDLING PRACTICES
1. Wear safety shoes and helmets.
2. Do not wear rings.
3. Use the accommodation ladder or brow for boarding or leaving the ship.
4. Use the ladders in the square of the hatch only when the hoist is not in motion.
5. Use the walkway on the ships side away from the side on which cargo
is being worked.
6. Secure all lashings to permanent deck fastenings. Never depend on movable
objects lying on deck (dunnage, hatch covers, and so forth).
7. Secure hatch rollers properly.
8. Lower blocks, crowbars, slings, bridles, and other objects into the hoId
by cargo falls or other lines. Do not drop or throw.
9. Stack hatch covers in an orderly manner. Disorderly piles create tripping
and stumbling hazards.
10. Lay strongbacks flat to prevent tipping over.
11. When removing or replacing strongbacks, keep them between you and
the open hatch.
12. Stand in the clear away from suspended loads.
13. When steadying loads, always face them and keep your feet in the clear.
14. Stand clear of slings being pulled from under loads.
15. Stand clear when strongbacks and hatch covers are handled on the deck above.
16. Be particularly careful when handling objects with sharp or rough edges.
17. Learn and practice proper lifting techniques to prevent strains and sprains.
18. Never walk backwards.
19. Step down from elevators, do not jump.
20. Report all defects in tools, materials, and equipment.
21. Report all injuries, however slight, and get immediate first aid or medical
22. Do not smoke in holds and storerooms.
23. Know the location of fire-fighting equipment.
24. Do not engage in horseplay, practical jokes, or arguments while working
Figure 4-11.Materials-handling safety precautions.