Fleet freightCarefully inspect all material
received as fleet freight for evidence of damaged
or leaking containers. Extremely hazardous
conditions can result from several compounds
normally used aboard ship.
Open hatchesGuards should be placed near
open hatches and other open spaces. Safety lines
must be used around such openings when material
is not being handled through them.
Temporarily covered hatchesHatches
covered only with a tarpaulin or other temporary
covering are dangerous, perhaps more so than
uncovered hatches that are fully visible.
Temporary coverings should be used only during
inclement weather, if at all.
Riding on hooksPersonnel will not ride
cargo-handling gear, such as hooks or nets,
between pier and ship or between the deck and
hold. The save-all must not be used as a ladder
between the pier and the ship. The save-all is a
cargo net or device used to prevent the loss of
material over the side during loading or unloading
Removed handrailsWhen handrails are
removed to load cargo or for other reasons, the
working area should be roped off to prevent
personnel from falling over the side.
LaddersLadders in the square of the hatch
should not be used when cargo is being lowered
or hoisted in the hold. Much care must be
exercised when using these ladders, particularly
when hatchboards from several decks have been
removed. Stairway-type ladders should be used
when they are available.
Slippery decksOil, grease, ice, or any
slippery material on the decks or pier should be
removed immediately or covered with sand,
cinders, sawdust, or other suitable antislip
Improper lightingWhen concealment is not
important, floodlights should be provided at night
on the weather deck, overside, and in cargo holds.
Flashlights should be available for emergencies.
When entering unlighted compartments, per-
sonnel should carry portable safety lights.
Asphyxia and poisoningDuring some
material handling or related operations, asphyxia
or poisoning may result from a lack of oxygen,
poisonous gases or fumes, or exposing skin or eyes
to or swallowing petroleum products. (Some
vapors may be swallowed without the knowledge
of the victim.) A person showing signs of asphyxia
or poisoning should receive immediate attention
and the supervisor must be notified. The space
should be inspected before work is continued.
In material handling, it is the responsibility of
the supervisor of the operation to make sure all
personnel working under his or her control are
instructed in and carry out safety precautions. To
do this the supervisor must have a working
knowledge of the safety precautions listed in
Navy Safety Precautions for Forces Afloat,
OPNAVINST 5100.19. The supervisors must
make sure all personnel have training in materials-
handling safety in the following areas:
Safety knowledge and trainingWorking
personnel must be given instruction and training
concerning potential dangers associated with their
tasks. An awareness of these potential dangers
and training to avoid hazards will assist in
reducing accidents while performing tasks.
Knowledge of hazardous materialSome
items such as flammable material, chemicals, acids
and so forth, obviously require more care and
attention than other items. The characteristics of
the material being stowed will dictate the care and
attention necessary to avoid risks and potential
hazards. Personnel handling hazardous materials
must have a knowledge of all potential dangers
or hazards associated with those materials.
DesignEquipment is generally designed to
perform a specific function. A potential hazard
may be created when equipment is selected for use
in operations beyond the rated capacity or for
other than the purpose for which it was designed.
AttachmentsPersonnel must be trained in
the use of all attachments on each piece of
equipment including potential hazards associated
with their use.
MaintenanceEquipment that is not in
proper operating condition constitutes a hazard.
Operators must be instructed not to operate
equipment that appears to be mechanically