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Stowage and Handling of Laundry Supplies
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Processing Laundry
TWO—SHOT   DETERGENT NSN   NOT   AVAILABLE 40 lb SOUR 7930-00-205-2882 50 lb STARCH 7930-00-841-6362 25 lb Figure 5-5.—Most common laundry supplies. HANDLING   TWO-SHOT   DETERGENT NAVRESSO  recently  introduced  a  new  two- shot detergent for use in shipboard laundries. It is  called  two-shot  detergent  because  it  not  only includes the detergent it also includes an oxygen bleach. It does all the work that the alkali, type I  detergent,  type  II  detergent,  nonionic  liquid,  and powdered bleach did before. Since the amount of chemicals  is  greatly  reduced,  you  can  expect  a savings of storage space of about 63 percent. The two-shot  detergent  comes  in  a  destructproof container and needs to be stored in a cool space. Since it weighs only 40 pounds, it eliminates the problem of handling very heavy laundry supplies. This  product  is  also  granular  and  is  nondusting and, therefore, will not disperse into the air. The detergent may contain cakes or lumps which are not readily broken up by hand. Keep the two-shot detergent properly covered to prevent cakes and lumps  from  forming. HANDLING   LAUNDRY   SOUR Laundry  sour  is  a  blue  powder  received  in 50-pound  drums.  Since  sour  is  used  sparingly,  you will use about 40 pounds of sour per 100 personnel over  a  3-month  period.  Like  most  powdered substances, it needs to be covered and stored in a  cool,  dry  space  to  prevent  it  from  becoming  hard and unusable. Sour  may  be  injurious  to  you  if  it  comes  in contact with your eyes, skin, or if it is swallowed. For  skin  contact  flush  with  water.  For  contact with  your  eyes  or  if  swallowed  contact  medical personnel.  Eye  contact  requires  flushing  your  eyes with  water  for  15  minutes. HANDLING   STARCH Laundry starch is manufactured from corn or wheat or a combination of both. It is considered the  safest  product  used  in  the  laundry.  Starch normally  comes  in  boxes  or  bags,  and  heavy  items should  not  be  stowed  on  top  of  it.  Always  stow it in a cool and dry space. When starch comes in contact with moisture or water it becomes cakey and  cannot  be  used. DISPOSAL   AND   ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION The Environmental  Protection  Manual,  OP- NAVINST 5090.1, issues Navy policy and assigns responsibilities  for  Navywide  actions  for  control of   environmental   protection.   Commanding officers   should   coordinate   and   cooperate   with federal,  state,  interstate,  and  local  pollution control  agencies,  and  follow  all  standards  and regulations in regard to control of environmental pollution. As a Ship’s Serviceman, you should be aware of  practices  or  things  that  may  affect  the environment.  The  water  that  drains  from  the laundry   is   considered   waste   water   and   is transported  to  the  collection,  holding,  and transfer  (CHT)  tanks.  CHT  tanks  are  installed aboard  ship  for  the  purpose  of  handling  waste water  from  showers,  heads,  laundries,  galleys, sculleries,  and  sinks  and  is  transported  by  the ship’s waste drain system. In port the waste water is transferred ashore for disposal. Underway, the ship should not be within 50 miles of any shoreline to  discharge  this  waste. Before you dispose of any laundry chemicals in port or at sea, you should first consider whether it  is  a  hazardous  substance.  A  hazardous  sub- stance may be defined as any substance or mixture of  substances  that  is  toxic,  corrosive,  irritating, flammable, a strong oxidizer, a strong sanitizer, or  that  generates  pressure  through  decomposition, heat, or other means. Hazard classifications and stowage   requirements   for   shipboard   consum- ables  are  contained  in  NAVSUP  Publication 4500, Consolidated Hazardous Item List  (CHIL), now  known  as  the  Hazardous   Materials   Infor- mation  System  (HMIS)  list.  Information  on  the disposal  of  hazardous  substance  is  included  in  sec- tion  A  of  this  publication.  Section  A  includes  a disposal code for each item listed and explains pro- cedures for disposal of that particular substance. LAUNDRY   SCHEDULES The laundry supervisor prepares the laundry schedule  for  approval  by  his  or  her  immediate 5-7

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