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Direction of Storage
Storekeeper 1 & C - Manual for watching over inventory and other things needed in a store
Chapter 3 Inventory Management
Barrels and drums may contain liquids such as gasoline, oil, or syrup, or solids such as asphalt, hardware,  and  resin.  Rough  handling  or  dropping may break in heads or staves. Striking with a hard object such as the fork of a hand truck or bump- ing with a forklift truck or tractor can puncture drums.  A  designated  space,  usually  a  special building, should be set aside for drums that con- tain  flammable  material. Barrels  and  drums  may  be  palletized,  but weight should be evenly distributed. A 4- by 6-foot board takes six drums. If tiered end up (without the use of pallets), each tier should be separated by  strips  of  dunnage. Corrosive,  poisonous,  and  flammable  liquids are  packed  in  glass  carboys  or  cans.  A  separate building  or  warehouse  is  usually  set  aside  for  this type of cargo because it requires special care in handling. The possibilities of damage or disaster arise when this type of material becomes mixed with other types. Lumber is shipped and stored in all sizes and lengths. It is classed as dry or wet. Dry lumber must be kept dry, but wet lumber may be stored in  the  open.  Hand  hooks  should  not  be  used  on the   ends.   When   slinging,   edges   must   not   be gouged with slings, as this may ruin the pieces for the use for which they were intended. Manpower will be conserved if lumber stacks are first built to be handled by a lift or straddle truck. If this is not practical when stacking, build the stack so that it can be taken down by a fork truck. Some lumber because of its small size needs considerable stripping. Laths are good for this purpose. When the  stack  is  built  up  to  a  fork  truck  load,  place the  blocking  so  that  it  acts  as  stripping  and another  load  can  be  built  on  top. Because piling is round, it is easily handled by rolling  with  a  peavey  or  canthook.  As  the  butts of piles are larger in diameter than the tops, they should be staggered when tiered. This maintains the same height at each end of the tier. Securely chock  the  bottom  tier  to  prevent  rolling;  strip  with 4-by 4-inch lumber. Nail chocks to this stripping; the  front  chock  being  nailed  in  place  after  the completion of the tier. Succeeding tiers are built in a like manner. Some  pipe  is  made  of  cast  iron,  which  may break  easily  if  struck  a  sharp  blow.  Other  pipe must  be  protected  from  rust,  which  means  that extra   care   must   be   taken   to   protect   it   from moisture.  Some  pipe  is  coated  with  an  asphalt preparation  that  becomes  soft  when  exposed  to heat,  so  it  must  be  kept  clear  of  other  com- modities. Most pipe is too long to store on pallets. It  can  usually  be  transported  by  fork  trucks  or rolling. Long pipe is tiered in the same manner as piling. THE  SAFETY  PROGRAM The  major  causes  of  accidents  are  careless- ness,   inexperience,   and   attitude.   The   goal   of a  good  safety  program  should  be  the  elimina- tion of these causes. Whereas an effective train- ing   program   can   overcome   the   inexperience factor,  carelessness  and  attitude  can  only  be  over- come by constant vigilance, stern enforcement of safety  regulations  and,  most  importantly,  the supervisor’s   enthusiasm   in   selling   safety   to subordinates. In addition, the critique is an important part of the safety program. It should be held a few days after  replenishment  and  should  be  attended  by  as many of the crew in the department as possible and all officers and petty officers taking part or observing should stand up and give their views. Any  unsafe  practices  or  potentially  dangerous situations that were observed should be brought up  at  this  time.  Recommendations  for  improve- ment  should  be  discussed  on  the  spot  and,  if adopted,  recorded  for  later  use.  A  special  file should  be  maintained  in  the  supply  office  to  make sure valuable lessons learned the hard way are not lost. Recommendations  for  correcting  unsafe  con- ditions  that  require  action  by  shore  activities (inventory  managers,  supply  centers,  supply depots,  and  so  forth)  should  be  sent  to  the  activity concerned  and  to  the  Naval  Supply  Systems  Com- mand  via  official  channels.  Prompt  submission of  such  reports  contributes  to  Navywide  safety programs. 7-21

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